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Table 1 Differences in Mortality and time to ART initiation between Hospital and PMTCT

From: High mortality in HIV-infected children diagnosed in hospital underscores need for faster diagnostic turnaround time in prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) programs

  PMTCT Hospital  
Outcome of Interest N Median (IQR) or n (%) N Median (IQR) or n (%) HR (95%CI) p-value
Overall Mortality 37 6 (16%) 62 24 (39%) 3.1 (1.3, 7.6) 0.01
Mortality pre-ART 37 2 (5%) 62 10 (16%) 2.9 (0.64, 13) 0.2
Mortality post-ART 33* 4 (12%) 47* 14 (30%) 2.9 (0.94, 8.7) 0.06
Time to ART initiation (enrollment to ART initiation) 37   62   0.80 (0.51, 1.3) 0.3
Median days to ART initiation 33* 8 (7-20)** 47* 14 (7-20)**   
  1. *Among 37 infants diagnosed in PMTCT, 2 died and 2 were lost to follow-up prior to initiating ART; among 62 infants diagnosed in hospital, 10 died, 1 was lost to follow-up, and 4 were withdrawn prior to initiating ART.
  2. **Median time to initiation of ART among those children who initiated ART.