Skip to main content

Table 4 Procedures and interventions for diagnostic and therapeutic neonatal care according with the presence or absence of early death of preterm infants in the state capitals of Northeast Brazil (2007)

From: Perinatal factors associated with early neonatal deaths in very low birth weight preterm infants in Northeast Brazil

  Death <7 days (n = 179) Survival ≥7 days (n = 448) p
DR transport in incubator* [n = 600] 52 (31%) 210 (49%) <0.001
Surfactant use [n = 627] 132 (74%) 269 (60%) <0.001
Surfactant use ≤ 2 hours of life 90/132 (68%) 176/269 (65%) <0.001
CPAP [n = 627] 59 (33%) 375 (84%) <0.001
Mechanical ventilation [n = 627] 153 (86%) 316 (71%) <0.001
Head ultrasound [n = 614] 9 (5%) 308 (70%) <0.001
Umbilical catheter [n = 627] 149 (83%) 330 (74%) <0.001
PICC [n = 627] 3 (2%) 131 (29%) <0.001
Validated pain scale use [n = 600] 32 (19%) 122 (28%) <0.001
Parenteral nutrition [n = 627] 72 (40%) 348 (78%) <0.001
Parenteral Nutrition <24 hours of life 35/72 (49%) 159/348 (46%) 0.373
Hospital Level 1 [n = 627] 125 (70%) 351 (78%) 0.017
  1. *Transport from delivery room to neonatal intensive care in a transport incubator; PICC: peripherally inserted central venous catheter; number in parenthesis refers to number of information available among the 627 studied infants.