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Table 3 Neonatal morbidity, according with the presence or absence of early death of preterm infants in the state capitals of Northeast Brazil (2007)

From: Perinatal factors associated with early neonatal deaths in very low birth weight preterm infants in Northeast Brazil

  Death <7 days (n = 179) Survival ≥7 days (n = 448) p
PPV in the delivery room [n = 618] 138 (79%) 246 (56%) <0.001
Advanced resuscitation [n = 596] 22 (13%) 15 (4%) <0.001
Axillary temp. <36°C at admission [n = 569] 137 (92%) 333 (79%) <0.001
Temperature at admission in °C* [n = 569] 35.2 ± 0.7 35.7 ± 0.7 <0.001
RDS [n = 619] 166 (95%) 372 (84%) <0.001
Pneumothorax [n = 625] 8 (5%) 13 (3%) 0.218
PDA [n = 605] 10 (6%) 109 (25%) <0.001
Early sepsis with positive BC (n = 614) 6 (4%) 28 (6%) 0.136
Any IVH [n with IVH/n with HUS (%)] 1/9 (11%) 104/308 (34%) 0.142
IVH 3–4 [n IVH 3-4/n with IVH (%)] 1/1 (100%) 21/104 (20%) 0.210
  1. *Variable expressed in mean ± standard deviation; PPV: positive pressure ventilation; Advanced resuscitation: use of positive pressure ventilation plus chest compressions and/or medication; temp.: temperature; RDS: respiratory distress syndrome; PDA: persistent ductus arteriosus; BC: blood culture; IVH: intra ventricular hemorrhage; HUS: head ultrasound; brackets refer to the number refers to number of information available among the 627 studied infants.