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Table 1 Vitamin intakes in the studied 6-year-old children

From: Dietary intake in 6-year-old children from southern Poland: part 2 – vitamin and mineral intakes

Nutrient Reference values Girls ( n  = 64) Boys ( n  = 56) All children ( n  = 120) P Girls ( n  = 64) Boys ( n  = 56) All children ( n  = 120)
Mean SD Mean SD Mean SD   Median SE Median SE Median SE
Vitamin A (retinol equivalent)               
  (μg) 3001 1088 650 1062 550 1076 603 0.701 984 81 875 74 952 55
  (μg/1000 kcal) NA 619 402 562 298 592 357 0.232 538 50 457 40 500 33
Retinol               
  (μg) NA 505 566 489 233 498 441 0.303 411 71 433 31 430 40
  (μg/1000 kcal) NA 291 373 258 130 275 286 0.925 226 47 231 17 227 26
Beta-carotene               
  (μg) NA 3496 2454 3435 2769 3467 2595 0.504 2934 307 2428 370 2835 237
  (μg/1000 kcal) NA 1964 1323 1824 1486 1899 1397 0.269 1634 165 1380 199 1535 128
Vitamin D               
  (μg) 101 2.35 1.35 2.21 1.12 2.29 1.25 0.987 1.93 0.17 2.10 0.15 1.96 0.11
  (μg/1000 kcal) NA 1.33 0.75 1.17 0.62 1.25 0.70 0.333 1.12 0.09 1.06 0.08 1.08 0.06
Vitamin E               
  (mg) 62 7.23 2.59 7.10 2.31 7.17 2.45 0.788 6.97 0.32 6.94 0.31 6.95 0.22
  (mg/1000 kcal) NA 4.10 1.51 3.72 1.02 3.92 1.31 0.197 3.94 0.19 3.45 0.14 3.79 0.12
Vitamin B1               
  (mg) 0.51 0.999 0.331 1.016 0.371 1.007 0.348 0.879 0.948 0.041 0.954 0.050 0.949 0.032
  (mg/1000 kcal) NA 0.565 0.177 0.536 0.198 0.551 0.187 0.352 0.524 0.022 0.492 0.027 0.513 0.017
Vitamin B2               
  (mg) 0.51 1.693 0.468 1.668 0.492 1.681 0.478 0.636 1.654 0.059 1.672 0.066 1.659 0.044
  (mg/1000 kcal) NA 0.958 0.258 0.880 0.247 0.922 0.255 0.071 0.937 0.032 0.865 0.033 0.910 0.023
Vitamin B6               
  (mg) 0.51 1.51 0.36 1.50 0.37 1.51 0.36 0.986 1.49 0.04 1.45 0.05 1.48 0.03
  (mg/1000 kcal) NA 0.86 0.20 0.80 0.18 0.83 0.19 0.075 0.83 0.02 0.78 0.02 0.80 0.02
Folic acid               
  (μg) 1601 201.3 43.6 202.9 39.1 202.0 41.4 0.925 196.9 5.4 198.1 5.2 197.5 3.8
  (μg/1000 kcal) NA 114.2 25.4 107.0 15.2 110.8 21.5 0.049 110.3 3.2 103.5 2.0 107.0 2.0
Vitamin B12               
  (μg) 1.01 3.52 2.21 3.59 1.25 3.55 1.82 0.318 3.24 0.28 3.44 0.17 3.29 0.17
  (μg/1000 kcal) NA 2.02 1.45 1.89 0.65 1.96 1.14 0.713 1.77 0.18 1.66 0.09 1.76 0.10
Niacin               
  (mg) 61 12.30 3.31 12.24 3.15 12.27 3.23 0.875 11.42 0.41 11.43 0.42 11.43 0.29
  (mg/1000 kcal) NA 7.01 1.93 6.47 1.56 6.76 1.78 0.094 6.85 0.24 6.14 0.21 6.36 0.16
Vitamin C               
  (mg) 401 77.9 36.6 66.9 31.0 72.8 34.4 0.051 73.0 4.6 59.8 4.1 65.5 3.1
  (mg/1000 kcal) NA 43.9 20.3 35.3 16.3 39.9 18.9 0.003 40.7 2.5 32.6 2.2 35.7 1.7
  1. NA – not available; P – significance.
  2. 1EAR; 2AI.