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Table 4 Stool bacterial counts (log 10 colony forming units/g) at age 2 months

From: Growth and safety evaluation of infant formulae containing oligosaccharides derived from bovine milk: a randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial

  Control n = 24 IF-BMOS n = 18 IF-BMOS + Pro n = 29
Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Mean (SD) Median (IQR) Mean (SD) Median (IQR)
Total 10.21 (0.3) 10.29 (10.04-10.41) 10.32 (0.4) 10.32 (9.30-10.80) 10.34 (0.4) 10.44 (10.16-10.61)
Bifidobacteria 8.80 (1.7) 9.52 (7.68-10.23) 9.45 (1.8) 10.31 (9.36-10.55) 9.87 (1.2) 10.37 (9.89-10.56)*
Lactobacilli 6.13 (0.4) 6.00 (6.00-6.00) 6.27 (0.8) 6.00 (6.00-6.00) 7.68 (0.7) 7.83 (7.14-8.31)*
Enterobacteria 8.83 (0.9) 9.15 (8.58-9.31) 8.61 (0.8) 8.77 (8.06-9.03) 8.60 (0.7) 8.75 (8.31-9.03)
Clostridia 8.49 (1.4) 8.72 (7.46-9.74) 6.97 (1.3) 6.00 (6.00-7.97)* 7.01 (1.3) 6.00 (6.00-7.83)*
Bacteroides 6.37 (0.8) 6.00 (6.00-6.00) 6.30 (0.7) 6.00 (6.00-6.00) 6.48 (1.2) 6.00 (6.00-6.00)
  1. SD = standard deviation; IQR = interquartile range.
  2. *Significant difference compared with control (Wilcoxon rank sum <0.05).