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Table 2 Changes in anthropometric measurements between 14 days and 4 months of age

From: Growth and safety evaluation of infant formulae containing oligosaccharides derived from bovine milk: a randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial

  Primary analysis Per protocol analysis
Control N = 63 IF-BMOS N = 62 IF-BMOS + Pro N = 64 Control N = 57 IF-BMOS N = 60 IF-BMOS + Pro N = 56
Weight gain, g/day, mean (SD) 30.3 (6.1) 31.6 (6.4) 30.1 (6.1) 30.2 (6.2) 31.5 (6.5) 30.5 (6.3)
Difference in weight gain compared to control, g/day, mean* (SE) [97.5% CI]   0.97 (0.97) [−1.24 to 3.17] −0.17 (0.97) [−2.35 to 2.02]   0.94 (1.02) [−1.36 to 3.25] 0.36 (1.04) [−1.98 to 2.71]
Length gain, mm/day, mean (SD) 1.07 (0.17) 1.08 (0.19) 1.05 (0.19) 1.07 (0.17) 1.08 (0.19) 1.06 (0.20)
Difference in length gain compared to control, mm/day, mean* (SE) [97.5% CI]   0.003 (0.03) [−0.07 to 0.07] −0.02 (0.03) [−0.09 to 0.05]   −0.01 (0.03) [−0.06 to 0.08] −0.001 (0.03) [−0.08 to 0.07]
HC gain, mm/day, mean (SD) 0.57 (0.1) 0.56 (0.1) 0.55 (0.09) 0.58 (0.10) 0.57 (0.10) 0.56 (0.09)
Difference in HC gain compared to control, mm/day, mean* (SE) [97.5% CI]   −0.01 (0.02) [−0.05 to 0.02] −0.03 (0.02) [−0.06 to 0.01]   −0.02 (0.02) [−0.05 to 0.02] −0.02 (0.02) [−0.06 to 0.01]
  1. CI = confidence interval; HC = head circumference; SD = standard deviation; SE = standard error.
  2. *p > 0.05 for all comparisons with control.