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Table 1 Infants’ baseline characteristics

From: Growth and safety evaluation of infant formulae containing oligosaccharides derived from bovine milk: a randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial

  Control N = 84 IF-BMOS N = 99 IF-BMOS + Pro N = 98 Breastfed N = 30
Sex, no. (%) Girls 33 (39.3) 45 (45.5) 42 (42.9) 16 (53.3)
Boys 51 (60.7) 54 (54.5) 56 (57.1) 14 (46.7)
Delivery Mode, no. (%) Natural 33 (39.3) 43 (43.4) 41 (41.8) 14 (46.7)
Caesarean 51 (60.7) 56 (56.6) 57 (58.2) 16 (53.3)
Gestational Age, weeks, mean (SD)   39.2 (1.1) 38.9 (1.3) 39.0 (1.3) 39.1 (1.3)
Age at enrollment, days, mean (SD)   4.5 (3.2) 5.4 (4.0) 5.0 (3.6) 5.3 (3.3)
1-minute APGAR score, median (min-max)   9.0 (6.0-10.0) 9.0 (4.0-10.0) 9.0 (0.0-10.0) 9.0 (5.0-10.0)
5-minute APGAR score, median (min-max)   10.0 (8.0-10.0) 10.0 (5.0-10.0) 10.0 (7.0-10.0) 10.0 (6.0-10.0)
Weight, kg, mean (SD)   3.3 (0.4) 3.3 (0.4) 3.2 (0.4) 3.4 (0.4)
Height, cm, mean (SD)   49.4 (1.7) 49.4 (1.8) 49.4 (1.8) 49.4 (1.6)
Head Circumference, cm, mean (SD)   34.4 (1.2) 34.3 (1.1) 34.1 (1.4) 34.4 (1.2)
  1. Min-max = minimum-maximum; SD = standard deviation.