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Table 4 Infectious diseases associated with non-CF bronchiectasis of childhood (n = 108)

From: The etiologies of non-CF bronchiectasis in childhood: a systematic review of 989 subjects

  Total number % of total
Pneumonia* 66 61%
Measles 15 14%
Tuberculosis 12 11%
Interstitial pneumonia 3 3%
Varicella 3 3%
Neonatal pneumonia** 1 1%
Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA) 2 2%
Pertussis 5 5%
Adenovirus 1 1%
  1. *Severe viral or bacterial pneumonia.
  2. **Pneumonia at age 6 months or less.