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Table 3 Summary of associations with non-CF bronchiectasis of childhood by disease category (989 patients with 994 associations)

From: The etiologies of non-CF bronchiectasis in childhood: a systematic review of 989 subjects

  Total number % of total
No association 308 34%
Infectious 174 19%
Primary immunodeficiency 158 17%
Aspiration/foreign body 91 10%
Primary ciliary dyskinesia 66 7%
Congenital malformation 34 4%
Secondary immunodeficiency 29 3%
Asthma 16 2%
Bronchiolitis obliterans 12 1%
Skeletal diseases 11 1%
Others 7 1%