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Table 2 Etiology of non-CF Bronchiectasis in childhood by study

From: The etiologies of non-CF bronchiectasis in childhood: a systematic review of 989 subjects

  Primary immuno- deficiency N/% Ciliary dyskinesia N/% Infection N/% Aspiration N/% Idiopathic N/% Congenital malformation N/% Secondary immuno-deficiency N/% Asthma N/% Skeletal diseases N/% Bronchiolitis obliterans N/% Other N/%
Kapur et. al [9] 13 2 14 10 62 4 5 - - 3 -
11.50% 2% 12% 9% 55% 3.50% 4%    3%  
Zaid et. al [17] 20 8 16 17 29 1 - - - 1 -
  22% 9% 17% 18% 32% 1%     1%  
Karakoc et. al [11] 2 1 9 - 6 - - 4 - - -
  9.10% 4.50% 41%   27.20%    18.20%    
Banjar et.al [6]. 27 21 6 19 60 11 2 - 10 - -
  17.31% 13.46% 3.85% 12.18% 38.46% 7.05% 1.28%   6.41%   
Li et. al [13] 40 20 5 25 35 5 6 - - - -
  29.40% 14.70% 3.70% 18.40% 25.70% 3.70% 4.40%     
Karadag et. al [10] 17 7 33 4 42 3 - 5 - - -
  15.30% 6.30% 29.70% 3.60% 37.80% 2.70%   4.50%    
Eastham et. al [7] 18 1 28 3 17 7 6 - - 8 5
  19.35% 1.10% 30.10% 3.20% 18.30% 7.50% 6.45%    8.60% 5.40%
Munro et. al [14] 8 - 21 9 41 - 10 - 1 - 1
  9%   23% 10% 45%   11%   1%   1%
Singleton et.al [16] - - 26 2 - - - - - - -
    93% 7%        
Gaillard et.al [8] 4 - 2 2 3 3 - 7 - - 1
  18.20%   9.10% 9.10% 13.60% 13.60%   31.80%    4.60%
Koh et. al [12] - 6 6 - 13 - - - - - -
   24% 24%   52%       
Santamaria et. al [15] 11 25 7 4 58 - - - - - -
  10.5% 23.8% 8.7% 3.8% 55.2%