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Table 4 Changes in laboratory and nutrition parameters from baseline to 12 months (end of program)

From: The Health Initiative Program for Kids (HIP Kids): effects of a 1-year multidisciplinary lifestyle intervention on adiposity and quality of life in obese children and adolescents - a longitudinal pilot intervention study

Laboratory values (n = 37) Mean (SD) baseline Mean (SD) 12 months 95% CI P value
Insulin, pmol/L 110.90 (59.15) 135.51 (79.824) −4.83 to 54.05 0.10
Glucose (fasting), mmol/L 4.91 (0.38) 5.04 (0.37) 0.01 to 0.24 0.04
HOMA-IR 3.50 (1.91) 4.31 (2.55) −0.15 to 1.78 0.10
HDL-cholesterol, mmol/L 1.11 (0.26) 1.14 (0.30) −0.03 to 0.08 0.36
LDL-cholesterol, mmol/L 2.33 (0.53) 2.41 (0.60) −0.11 to 0.25 0.42
Triglycerides, mmol/L 1.26 (0.63) 1.28 (0.52) −0.17 to 0.19 0.90
Aspartate aminotransferase, U/L 26.46 (7.15) 24.26 (10.65) −5.39 to 0.99 0.17
Alanine aminotransferase, U/L 30.35 (16.00) 28.26 (21.82) −9.06 to 4.88 0.55
Nutrition parameters (n = 30)     
Fruit & vegetables (servings/day) 4.45 (2.56) 5.22 (3.20) −1.81 to 0.27 0.14
Grain products (servings/day) 6.36 (2.35) 5.75 (2.05) −0.40 to 1.60 0.23
Milk & Alternatives (servings/day) 2.58 (1.22) 2.19 (1.16) 0.00 to 0.78 0.05
Meat & Alternatives (servings/day) 1.86 (0.86) 1.74 (1.01) −0.27 to 0.50 0.55
Snack consumption (servings/day) 1.82 (0.77) 1.59 (0.95) −0.14 to 0.60 0.17
Sugar-sweetened beverages (servings/day)1 0.33 (0.00 – 2.33) 0.00 (0.00 – 2.00)   0.01
Juice consumption (servings/day)1 0.33 (0.00 – 5.33) 0.33 (0.00 – 3.00)   0.77
  1. 1Results expressed as median (range) due to unequally distributed (skewed) values.