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Table 4 Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for growth indicators at 24 months among late preterm children, comparatively to term children (2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort).

From: Late preterm birth is a risk factor for growth faltering in early childhood: a cohort study

Indicators Crude OR (95% CI) P Adjusted OR (95% CI) p
Underweight   <0.001   0.002
   Term birth Reference   Reference  
Late preterm birth 3.98 (1.91; 8.27)   3.36 (1.56; 7.23)1  
Stunting   <0.001   0.001
   Term birth Reference   Reference  
Late preterm birth 2.61 (1.66; 4.12)   2.30 (1.40; 3.77)2  
Wasting   0.197   0.351
   Term birth Reference   Reference  
Late preterm birth 2.34 (0.64; 8.56)   1.87 (0.50; 7.01)3  
ANTHROPOMETRIC GAINS:    
  Crude β(SE) P Adjusted β(SE) p
Weight gain 0-24 m (g)4 -121.31 (90.81) 0.182 13.23 (89.37)5 0.882
Length gain 0-24 m (cm)4 0.88 (0.18) <0.001 1.26 (0.18)6 <0.001
  1. 1 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, maternal height, smoking, breastfeeding 0-24, pneumonia 0-24 and hospitalizations 0-24
  2. 2 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, maternal age and height, smoking, breastfeeding 0-24, wheezing 0-24, pneumonia 0-24, hospitalizations 0-24
  3. 3 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color and height, pneumonia 0-24 and hospitalizations 0-24
  4. 4 weight and length gains by late preterm children from birth to 24 months of age in comparison to term children
  5. 5 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, maternal age and height, smoking and breastfeeding 0-24
  6. 6 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, age and height, smoking, breastfeeding 0-24, wheezing 0-24, and pneumonia 0-24