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Table 3 Crude and adjusted odds ratios (OR) with 95% confidence interval (95% CI) for growth indicators at 12 months among late preterm children, compared to term children (2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort).

From: Late preterm birth is a risk factor for growth faltering in early childhood: a cohort study

Indicators Crude OR (95% CI) P Adjusted OR (95% CI) p
Underweight   <0.001   0.009
   Term birth Reference   Reference  
Late preterm birth 3.39 (1.71; 6.70)   2.57 (1.27; 5.23)1  
Stunting   <0.001   <0.001
   Term birth Reference   Reference  
Late preterm birth 2.72 (1.78; 4.14)   2.35 (1.49; 3.70)2  
Wasting   0.015   0.040
   Term birth Reference   Reference  
Late preterm birth 4.61 (1.34; 15.84)   3.98 (1.07; 14.85)3  
ANTHROPOMETRIC GAINS:    
  Crude β(SE) P Adjusted β(SE) p
Weight gain 0-12 (g/year)4 61.66 (66.72) 0.355 103.14 (65.59)5 0.116
Length gain 0-12 (cm/year)4 1.04 (0.15) <0.001 1.19 (0.15)6 <0.001
  1. 1 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, smoking, maternal height, breastfeeding 0-12, pneumonia 0-12, and hospitalizations 0-12
  2. 2 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, maternal age, maternal height, smoking, breastfeeding 0-12, wheezing 0-12, pneumonia 0-12, and hospitalizations 0-12
  3. 3 adjusted for family income, schooling, maternal age and height, breastfeeding 0-12, pneumonia 0-12, and hospitalizations 0-12
  4. 4 weight and length gains by late preterm children from birth to 12 months of age in comparison to term children
  5. 5 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, maternal age and height, breastfeeding 0-12, and wheezing 0-12
  6. 6 adjusted for family income, maternal skin color, schooling, maternal height, smoking, breastfeeding 0-12, diarrhea 0-12, and hospitalizations 0-12