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Table 2 Child characteristics at 12 and 24 months of age (2004 Pelotas Birth Cohort).

From: Late preterm birth is a risk factor for growth faltering in early childhood: a cohort study

Variables N Late preterm children n (%) Term children n (%) p*
Newborn's sex     0.241
   Male 1688 180 (48.5) 1508 (51.8)  
   Female 1597 191 (51.5) 1406 (48.3)  
FROM BIRTH TO 12 MONTHS:     
Duration breastfeeding (BF) (months)     0.035
   Never BF 112 17 (4.8) 95 (3.3)  
   <3 674 84 (23.5) 590 (20.6)  
   3-5 591 77 (21.5) 514 (18.0)  
   > = 6 1841 180 (50.3) 1661 (58.1)  
History of wheezing 2001 241 (67.3) 1760 (61.5) 0.032
History of pneumonia 255 34 (9.5) 221 (7.7) 0.239
History of diarrhea in the last 15 days 438 60 (16.8) 378 (13.2) 0.064
History of hospitalization 543 98 (27.4) 445 (15.5) <0.001
AT 12 MONTHS:     
Underweight 41 12 (3.4) 29 (1.0) <0.001
Stunting 127 31 (8.7) 96 (3.4) <0.001
Wasting 11 4 (1.1) 7 (0.3) 0.008
FOM BIRTH TO 24 MONTHS:     
Duration breastfeeding (months)     0.022
   Never BF 112 17 (4.7) 95 (3.3)  
   <3 674 84 (23.4) 590 (20.5)  
   3-5 590 77 (21.5) 513 (17.9)  
   6-11 605 46 (12.8) 559 (19.5)  
   12-23 525 55 (15.3) 470 (16.4)  
   Still BF 722 80 (22.3) 642 (22.4)  
History of wheezing 2395 282 (77.5) 2113 (73.1) 0.072
History of pneumonia 426 61 (17.0) 365 (12.7) 0.023
History of hospitalization 750 132 (36.9) 618 (21.7) <0.001
AT 24 MONTHS:     
Underweight 33 11 (3.0) 22 (0.8) <0.001
Stunting 107 26 (7.2) 81 (2.9) <0.001
Wasting 13 3 (0.8) 10 (0.4) 0.184
Total 3285 371 2914 -
  1. * Wald test