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Table 3 Sucking behaviors by phonological processes categorizations from the TEPROSIF examination for 128 Children ages 3 to 5 in Punta Arenas, 2006-2007

From: The relationship of bottle feeding and other sucking behaviors with speech disorder in Patagonian preschoolers

  TEPROSIF CLASSIFICATION   
Characteristic Below normal Normal Above Normal Total  
(N) 61 42 25 128  
  N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
N (%) or
Mean (SD)
p
Bottle fed      
   No 4 (6.6) 1 (2.4) 2 (8.0) 7 (5.5) .54
   Yes 57 (93.4) 41 (97.6) 23 (92.0) 121 (94.5)  
Time bottle feeding      
   Less than 18 mths 9 (15.8) 7 (17.9) 2 (9.1) 18 (15.3) .69
   18 to 36 mths 19 (33.3) 17 (43.6) 9 (40.9) 45 (38.1)  
   More than 36 mths 29 (50.9) 15 (38.5) 11 (50.0) 55 (46.6)  
Breastfed      
   No 3 (4.9) 2 (4.8) 0 (0.0) 5 (3.9) .53
   Yes 58 (95.1) 40 (95.2) 25 (100.0) 123 (96.1)  
Time breastfeeding      
   Less than 6 mths 22 (36.1) 13 (31.0) 3 (12.0) 38 (29.7) .17
   6 to 12 mths 23 (37.7) 14 (33.3) 14 (56.0) 51 (39.8)  
   More than 12 mths 16 (26.2) 15 (35.7) 8 (32.0) 39 (30.5)  
Use of pacifier      
   No 33 (54.1) 24 (57.1) 17 (68.0) 74 (57.8) .49
   Yes 28 (45.9) 18 (42.9) 8 (32.0) 54 (42.2)  
Time with pacifier      
   2 to 12 mths 7 (25.9) 3 (17.6) 2 (25.0) 12 (23.1) .23
   12 to 24 mths 3 (11.1) 7 (41.2) 2 (25.0) 12 (23.1)  
   24 to 36 mths 4 (14.8) 4 (23.5) 2 (25.0) 10 (19.2)  
   Greater than 36 mths 13 (48.1) 3 (17.6) 2 (25.0) 18 (34.6)  
Sucked fingers      
   No 45 (73.8) 35 (83.3) 24 (100.0) 104 (81.9) .02
   Yes 16 (26.6) 7 (16.7) 0 (0.00) 23 (18.1)  
Time sucking finger      
   0 to 12 mths 3 (27.3) 4 (66.7) 0 (0.00) 7 (41.2) .29
   12 to 30 mths 4 (36.4) 1 (16.7) 0 (0.00) 5 (29.4)  
   > 30 mths 4 (36.4) 1 (16.7) 0 (0.00) 5 (29.4)