Skip to main content


Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Exclusion criteria

From: Maximising engagement, motivation and long term change in a Structured Intensive Education Programme in Diabetes for children, young people and their families: Child and Adolescent Structured Competencies Approach to Diabetes Education (CASCADE)

1. Participants with significant mental health problems unrelated to diabetes that require specific mental health treatment.
2. Participants with significant other chronic illness in addition to diabetes that may be confound the results of the intervention.
3. Participants with significant learning disability or lack of command of English sufficient to render them unable to participant effectively in the planned intervention. Note that there is research evidence that the great majority of eligible young people from black or minority ethnic groups in this population have good command of English, although their parents may not. Given the wide range of ethnicities in the sample population, and given the importance of group dynamics to the intervention, it will not be possible to use interpreters to enable parents with poor English to participate. We will ensure that the validity of the study is maintained by including young people with good command of English. They will be eligible to attend sessions by themselves, or with another relative who is one of the primary diabetes carers (such as a sibling, aunt or uncle) who has good command of English and can participate instead of the parents.
4. While inclusive elsewhere, we will not recruit clinics which are unlikely to be able to recruit sufficient participants with a good command of English. We anticipate that this pertains to only one clinic within our sample area.
5. Young people who have participated in diabetes treatment trials in the 12 months prior to collection of baseline data will not be eligible for this trial.