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Table 13 Laboratory values for all infants who were HIV-uninfected at birth (negative by PCR at 6 weeks of age), by HIV exposure status at the first birth visit.

From: Selected hematologic and biochemical measurements in African HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women and their infants: the HIV Prevention Trials Network 024 protocol

Laboratory measures HIV-unexposed infant HIV-exposed infant p-value
  N Mean 95% CI N Mean 95% CI  
    Lower Upper    Lower Upper  
Values at first research assessment after birth
Hemoglobin g/dL 275 19.4 10.6 28.8 1625 18.3 9.9 27.9 < .0001
Hematocrit % 275 58.0 33.0 85.8 1622 54.2 29.4 79.4 < .0001
Platelets 103/μL 274 247.5 78.0 450.0 1619 239.7 75.0 458.0 0.2
White blood cells 103/μL 272 15.9 6.5 33.0 1593 15.5 5.7 30.5 0.3
Values at research assessment at age 4–6 weeks of age
Hemoglobin g/dL 278 11.9 8.1 18.9 1432 11.6 7.6 17.9 0.02
Hematocrit % 278 34.8 22.7 53.4 1432 33.8 22.3 51 0.04
Platelets 103/μL 277 383.4 104 704 1427 369.5 89 697 0.2
White blood cells 103/μL 276 10.1 5.1 17.4 1418 10.9 5.0 21.3 0.006
*ALT (SGPT) IU/liter 123 16.4 5 38 1429 22.7 5 63 0.005
  1. * ALT (SGPT) = alanine aminotransferase (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase)
  2. HIV-exposed means that these infants were born to HIV-infected mothers, while HIV-unexposed infants were born to HIV-uninfected mothers. Alanine aminotransferase (serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase) was not performed at the birth visit.