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Table 1 Selected characteristics of pregnant women and their infants according to maternal HIV infection status

From: Selected hematologic and biochemical measurements in African HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women and their infants: the HIV Prevention Trials Network 024 protocol

Pregnant women in antenatal care HIV-infected women HIV-uninfected women P value
  N = 2292 n = 367  
Mean age in years (± SD) 25.2 (0.1) 23.2 (0.3) < 0.0001
Able to read % 77.3% 79.8% 0.3
Homemakers % 77.7% 86.6% 0.0002
Mean years of education (± SD) 6.6 (0.1) 6.8 (0.2) 0.2
Married or living with partner % 91.5% 96.7% < 0.0005
Spouse with formal employment % 54.6% 56.6% 0.8
Spouse's years of education (± SD) 9.2 (0.1) 9.3 (0.2) 0.5
Lives in own house % 25.7% 31.3% 0.0015
Electricity in the house % 40.5% 33.8% 0.02
Running water % 42.1% 33.8% 0.003
Infants born to enrolled women* Mother HIV-infected Mother HIV-uninfected P value
  N = 2052 N = 331  
Mean birth weight in grams (± SD) 2936.1 (12.9) 3090.4 (28.2) < 0.0001
Mean Apgar score at 5 min (± SD) 9.6 (< 0.01) 9.6 (0.1) 0.4
Mean gestational age in weeks (± SD) 38.4 (0.1) 38.4 (0.1) 0.9
Mean head circumference (± SD) 34.5 (0.1) 34.9 (0.1) 0.02
Male sex % 50.5% 48.0% 0.4
  1. * Live born infants; if twin, then first born only