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Table 1 Associations between delayed language development at the age of 2 years and various parameters.

From: Television viewing in Thai infants and toddlers: impacts to language development and parental perceptions

Parameters Language development at 2 years old Odds ratio
(95% CI)
  Normal (n = 187) Delayed (n = 16)  
Gender    
   Male 94 14 6.9 (1.5–31.3)
   Female 93 2 1.0
Maternal education    
   ≤ 12 years 141 12 1.0 (0.3–3.2)
   > 12 years 46 4 1.0
Monthly family income (in Thai baht, 1US$ = 40 baht)    
   ≤ 50,000 175 15 0.4 (0.05–3.7)
   > 50,000 12 1 1.0
Number of children in family    
   ≤ 2 168 15 0.6 (0.07–4.7)
   > 2 19 1 1.0
Number of televisions in households    
   ≤ 2 150 13 0.9 (0.3–3.5)
   > 2 37 3 1.0
Television in child's bedroom    
   Yes 123 7 0.4 (0.1–1.1)
   No 64 9 1.0
Time spent on television viewing at 2 years old    
   ≥ 2 hours per day 74 4 0.5 (0.2–1.6)
   < 2 hours per day 113 12 1.0
  1. Adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals were calculated using multivariate logistic regression adjusting for all factors presented in the table.