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Table 1 Initial characteristics of children in the treatment and control groups

From: Hyperbaric treatment for children with autism: a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, controlled trial

  Treatment Control Comparison between groups (p-value)
Age 4.97 ± 1.29 4.86 ± 1.13 0.7288*
Male 30/33 22/29 0.1672**
Use of nutritional supplements 23/33 20/29 0.9999**
Use of medications 16/33 10/29 0.3915**
Applied Behavioral Analysis Therapy 15/33 11/29 0.733**
ABC Total Score 55.2 ± 28.7 53.3 ± 24.0 0.7843*
ABC Irritability 13.2 ± 9.5 12.2 ± 7.9 0.6714*
ABC Social Withdrawal 10.5 ± 6.9 11.2 ± 6.9 0.7048*
ABC Stereotypy 7.5 ± 4.9 6.2 ± 4.7 0.3205*
ABC Hyperactivity 20.7 ± 9.9 20.1 ± 8.2 0.8279*
ABC Speech 3.4 ± 3.1 3.6 ± 3.6 0.8567*
ATEC Total Score 75.3 ± 19.5 75.6 ± 21.0 0.9592*
ATEC Speech/Language/Communication 16.3 ± 5.0 15.9 ± 6.1 0.7958*
ATEC Sociability 17.4 ± 6.6 17.8 ± 6.2 0.849*
ATEC Sensory/Cognitive Awareness 18.1 ± 5.2 19.6 ± 5.6 0.3676*
ATEC Health/Physical/Behavior 23.5 ± 11.5 22.4 ± 8.3 0.72*
  1. ** Chi-square test with Yates' correction or Fisher's exact test.
  2. * Student's t test