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Table 4 Percentage of preschool children with percent of energy from macronutrients meeting or exceeding the 2006 RDA by gender

From: Energy and macronutrient intakes in preschool children in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Energy intake and nutrients Total (n = 670) Boys (n = 333) Girls (n = 337) p-value1
  % 95% CI % 95% CI % 95% CI  
Energy (kcal)
meeting RDA
31.7 27.5, 36.3 29.3 24.7, 34.4 34.1 28.6, 40.1 0.186
Energy (kcal)
exceeding RDA
58.3 54.6, 62.0 62.5 57.3, 67.5 54.2 49.4, 58.9 0.037
% energy from protein
meeting RDA
1.9 0.9, 3.8 2.7 1.1, 6.6 1.0 0.4, 2.7 0.236
% energy from protein
exceeding RDA
98.1 96.2, 99.1 97.3 93.4, 98.9 99.0 97.3, 99.6 0.236
% energy from animal protein
exceeding RDA
100.0 _ 100.0 _ 100.0 _ _
% energy from fat
meeting RDA
86.0 81.4, 89.7 85.2 80.2, 89.1 86.8 80.5, 91.4 0.594
% energy from fat
exceeding RDA
12.7 8.9, 18.0 12.6 7.8, 19.8 12.9 8.2, 19.6 0.950
% energy from animal fat
exceeding RDA
100.0 _ 100.0 _ 100.0 _ _
% energy from carbohydrate
meeting RDA
52.9 46.7, 59.1 51.5 44.2, 58.7 54.3 45.2, 63.1 0.649
% energy from carbohydrate
exceeding RDA
0.6 0.2, 2.3 0.8 0.1, 5.4 0.4 0.1, 1.6 0.990
% energy from free sugar
exceeding recommendation2
5.3 3.6, 7.8 5.5 3.6, 8.3 5.2 2.7, 9.5 0.592
  1. 1 p-value was calculated from Student's t-test
  2. 2 Based on the recommendation on free sugar from the Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation 2002