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Table 2 Mean energy intake, nutrient intakes and the percentage of energy from macronutrients by gender in preschool children

From: Energy and macronutrient intakes in preschool children in urban areas of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Nutrients Total (n = 670) Boys (n = 333) Girls (n = 337) p-value1
  Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI  
Energy (kcal) Protein 1602.0 1571.0, 1635.0 1647.0 1598.0, 1695.0 1560.0 1526.0, 1593.0 0.0047
Grams 74.0 72.6, 75.2 75.7 73.9, 77.5 72.1 70.4, 73.8 0.0117
% kcal 18.5 18.2, 18.7 18.4 18.1, 18.7 18.5 18.2, 18.7 0.8417
Animal protein        
Grams 47.9 46.7, 49.0 49.0 47.6, 50.4 46.7 45.3, 48.1 0.0256
% kcal 12.0 11.7, 12.2 12.0 11.6, 12.3 12.0 11.6, 12.3 0.7320
Vegetable protein        
Grams 25.8 25.1, 26.5 26.5 25.5, 27.4 25.1 24.2, 25.9 0.0180
% kcal 6.4 6.3, 6.5 6.4 6.3, 6.5 6.4 6.3, 6.6 0.6550
Fat        
Grams 38.4 37.1, 39.6 39.3 37.6, 40.9 37.5 36.3, 38.6 0.0516
% kcal 21.4 20.9, 21.9 21.3 20.8, 21.9 21.4 20.8, 22.0 0.7496
Animal fat        
Grams 26.4 25.3, 27.5 27.0 25.7, 28.3 25.8 24.7, 26.9 0.0560
% kcal 14.8 14.2, 15.4 14.8 14.2, 15.3 14.8 14.1, 15.5 0.8670
Vegetable fat        
Grams 11.8 11.3, 12.3 12.1 11.3, 12.8 11.5 10.8, 12.2 0.1830
% kcal 6.5 6.2, 6.7 6.5 6.2, 6.8 6.5 6.2, 6.8 0.8400
Carbohydrate        
Grams 241.1 235.5, 246.6 248.2 240.2, 256.1 234.0 227.8, 240.3 0.0026
% kcal 60.3 59.7, 60.9 60.3 59.6, 61.1 60.3 59.6, 61.0 0.8850
Free sugar        
Grams 25.5 24.3, 26.7 26.9 25.7, 28.1 24.2 22.2, 26.2 0.0030
% kcal 6.3 6.0, 6.6 6.4 6.2, 6.7 6.1 5.6, 6.7 0.1029
  1. 1 p-value was calculated from Student's t-test