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Table 2 The 16 Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) studied; with country, year of study, age groups and total number of children included in this analysis.

From: Boys are more stunted than girls in Sub-Saharan Africa: a meta-analysis of 16 demographic and health surveys

Country Year of Study Age in months Total a Mean Z-scores a P-value
    Male Female Male Female  
Zimbabwe 1999 0–59 1335 1297 -1.16 (1.5) -0.97 (1.6) 0.002
Zambia 2001/02 0–59 2723 2707 -1.94 (1.5) -1.84 (1.6) 0.011
Zambia 1996 0–59 2688 2815 -1.80 (1.5) -1.74 (1.5) 0.147
Uganda 2000/01 0–59 2548 2597 -1.62 (1.5) -1.55 (1.4) 0.058
Uganda 1995/6 0–47 2204 2315 -1.57 (1.5) -1.38 (1.5) < 0.001
Tanzania 1999 0–59 1272 1242 -1.71 (1.3) -1.64 (1.3) 0.170
Tanzania 1996 0–59 2668 2558 -1.83 (1.4) -1.70 (1.5) 0.002
Nigeria 2003 0–59 2165 2128 -1.55 (1.8) -1.39 (1.8) 0.002
Nigeria 1999 0–35 739 717 -1.76 (2.1) -1.50 (2.1) 0.017
Namibia 2000 0–59 1472 1437 -1.03 (1.4) -0.91 (1.4) 0.019
Malawi 2000 0–59 4557 4605 -1.88 (1.6) -1.75 (1.6) < 0.001
Kenya 2003 0–59 2366 2353 -1.29 (1.5) -1.08 (1.6) < 0.001
Kenya 1998 0–35 1451 1448 -1.29 (1.7) -1.15 (1.6) 0.026
Ghana 2003 0–59 1567 1527 -1.42 (1.4) -1.20 (1.5) < 0.001
Ghana 1998 0–59 1288 1338 -1.26 (1.5) -1.12 (1.5) 0.026
Cameroon 1998 0–59 905 879 -1.17 (1.6) -1.03 (1.5) 0.056
All studies 1995 to 2003 0–59 31948 31963 -1.59 (1.6) -1.46 (1.6) < 0.001
  1. aValues include only children with complete data on height and age, and who were not flagged
  2. In addition a comparison of the mean z scores (standard deviation) for height-for-age between male and female children, and p-values for the difference is indicated.