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Table 1 Basic socio-demographic characteristics with an urban-rural comparison.

From: Low adherence to exclusive breastfeeding in Eastern Uganda: A community-based cross-sectional study comparing dietary recall since birth with 24-hour recall

  Urban n (%) Rural n (%)
Residence 326 (100) 401 (100)
Head of household   
   Male 309 (95.1) 379 (94.5)
   Female 16 (4.9) 22 (5.5)
Mother's age   
   ≤19 65 (20.1) 64 (16.2)
   20 – 24 126 (38.9) 121 (30.6)
   25 – 29 56 (17.3) 90 (22.7)
   ≥30 77 (23.8) 121 (30.6)
Marital status   
   Traditional marriage 254 (77.9) 330 (82.3)
   Religious and civil marriage 39 (12.0) 39 (9.7)
   Other: Single/Widowed/Separated/Divorced/No answer 33 (10.1) 32 (8.0)
Mother's education   
   None 27 (8.3) 32 (8.0)
   Stopped in primary 103 (31.6) 198 (49.4)
   Completed primary 61 (18.7) 78 (19.5)
   Secondary lower 67 (20.6) 66 (16.5)
   Secondary higher and above 68 (20.9) 27 (6.7)
Father's educationa   
   None 20 (7.5) 20 (5.7)
   Stopped in primary 42 (15.7) 119 (34.2)
   Completed primary 55 (20.6) 99 (28.4)
   Secondary lower 45 (16.9) 56 (16.1)
   Secondary higher and above 105 (39.3) 54 (15.5)
Mother's work   
   Farming 139 (42.6) 368 (92.2)
   Do not farm 187 (57.4) 31 (7.8)
   Additional job 84 (25.8) 49 (12.4)
   No additional job 241 (74.2) 345 (87.6)
Father's work   
   Farming 92 (30.5) 270 (71.4)
   Do not farm 210 (69.5) 108 (28.6)
   Additional job 265 (87.7) 235 (63.5)
   No additional job 37 (12.3) 135 (36.5)
Religion; 3 main denominations   
   Protestant 122 (37.3) 114 (28.6)
   Catholic 68 (21.0) 37 (9.3)
   Muslim 134 (41.4) 399 (55.2)
Owning land   
   Yes 220 (68.1) 341 (87.0)
   No 103 (31.9) 51 (13.0)
Socio-economic wealth index   
   Bottom quintile 31 (9.6) 62 (15.5)
   2nd quintile 58 (18.0) 74 (18.5)
   3rd quintile 83 (25.8) 101 (25.3)
   4th quintile 75 (23.3) 75 (18.8)
   Top quintile 75 (23.3) 87 (21.8)
Gender of infant   
   Girl 156 (47.9) 190 (47.4)
   Boy 170 (52.1) 211 (52.6)
Age of infant   
   < 3 months 101 (31.0) 117 (29.2)
   3 – 5 months 81 (24.8) 115 (28.7)
   6 – 8 months 90 (27.6) 84 (20.9)
   9 – 11 months 54 (16.6) 85 (21.2)
Number of siblings   
   None 104 (32.0) 71 (17.8)
   1 74 (22.8) 74 (18.5)
   2–3 88 (27.1) 108 (27.1)
   ≥4 59 (18.2) 146 (36.6)
The infant was weighed at birth   
   Yes 194 (59.7) 143 (36.0)
   No 131 (40.3) 254 (64.0)
Owning a Child health card or any other written statementa   
   Yes 192 (74.4) 154 (59.0)
   No 66 (25.6) 107 (41.0)
Adequately immunised for age   
   Yes 126 (38.7) 107 (26.7)
   No 200 (61.3) 294 (73.3)
  1. a> 10% missing values