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Table 1 Baseline Characteristics of Children and Parents by Intervention Group

From: Evaluation of guided imagery as treatment for recurrent abdominal pain in children: a randomized controlled trial

  Guided Imagery (n = 14) Breathing (n = 8) P-value1
Child Factors    
   % Male 23 50 0.17
   Years of age 11.1 11.0 0.94
   Months of pain at enrollment2 24.5 13.6 0.30
   Days of pain previous month 23.0 14.4 0.04
   Mean intensity of pain episodes 2.7 2.7 0.88
   Days with a missed activity in previous month 4.0 1.3 0.12
   Depression score2 6.6 7.1 0.80
   Somatization score 6.5 4.0 0.15
   Children's Somatization Inventory-total score 22.0 15.3 0.30
   Anxiety score2 9.7 8.3 0.36
   Perfectionism score2 9.0 8.1 0.43
   Separation anxiety score 12.1 8.0 0.08
   Temperament    
Anger 2.4 2.3 0.89
Distress 2.1 1.8 0.41
Fearfulness 2.2 2.4 0.54
Activity 2.3 2.8 0.24
Sociability 3.2 3.3 0.86
Parent Factors    
   Ethnicity    
   % Both parents Anglo 54% 50% 1.00
   Anxiety score2 3.7 3.1 0.73
   Somatization score2 6.9 3.8 0.13
   Depression score2 6.8 6.3 0.87
Parenting Style    
   Father caring score 4.1 3.6 0.59
   Father overprotection score 3.5 4.4 0.26
   Mother caring score 5.0 3.8 0.09
   Mother overprotection score 4.3 4.0 0.57
  1. 1 Chi-square test or Student t-test
  2. 2 Geometric mean of natural logarithm transformed data