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Table 1 Clinical characteristics and mode of death of the non-survivors. Differences of the measured variables age and length of stay and differences of the categorical variables among the modes of death (* p < 0.05, **p < 0.01). (DNR do not resuscitate, W/W withholding or withdrawal of therapy, failed CPR failed cardiopulmonary resuscitation, BD brain death, TOF terminal organ failure, exa/compl chron disease exacerbation/complication of a chronic disease)

From: Circumstances surrounding dying in the paediatric intensive care unit

  Total DNR W/W failed CPR BD TOF
  (n = 87) (n = 4) (n = 24) (n = 16) (n = 20) (n = 23)
Male patients (%) 49 (56.3) 2 (50.0) 13 (54.2) 9 (56.3) 11(55.0) 14 (60.9)
Median age (months) 26.4 125.8 53.1 10.9** 32.4 48.7
Median length of stay(days) 4.0 7.5 7.5** 2.0 2.0** 5.5
Reasons of admission (%)       
Acute congenital disease 9 (10.3)   1 (4.2) 2 (12.5) 4 (20.0) 2 (8.7)
Acute acquired disease 56 (64.5) 2 (50.0) 14 (58.3) 11 (68.7) 15 (75) 14 (60.9)
Exa/compl chron disease 13 (14.9) 2 (50.0) 5 (20.8)*   1 (5.0) 5 (21.7)*
Post operative care 9 (10.3)   4 (16.7) 3 (18.8)   2 (8.7)
Admission diagnosis (%)       
Respiratory 21 (24.2) 2 (50.0) 8 (33.3) 5 (31.3) 2 (10.0) 4 (17.4)
Circulatory 16 (18.4)   2 (8.4) 4 (25.0) 1 (5.0) 9 (39.2)*
Neurological 22 (25.3) 2 (50.0) 6 (25.0) 2 (12.4) 10(50.0)* 2 (8.7)
Metabolic/Internal environment 3 (3.4)      3 (13.0)
Trauma 2 (2.3)     1 (5.0) 1 (4.3)
Other 23 (26.4)   8 (33.3) 5 (31.3) 6 (30.0) 4 (17.4)
Source (%)       
ER 24 (27.6) 3 (75) 5 (20.8) 3 (18.8) 10 (50.0)* 3 (13.0)
Post operative 9 (10.3)   4 (16.7) 3 (18.8)   2 (8.8)
Other hospital 34 (39.1)   7 (29.2) 8 (50.0) 10 (50.0) 9 (39.1)
Paediatric ward 20 (23.0) 1 (25) 8 (33.3) 2 (12.4)   9 (39.1)*