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Table 4 Factors associated with parent-reported impairment at 3 years adjusted for centre and congenital infection status (Total N = 705)

From: Association between congenital toxoplasmosis and parent-reported developmental outcomes, concerns, and impairments, in 3 year old children

  Odds ratio for adverse outcome (95% confidence interval)
EXPOSURES Any visual impairment3 Hearing loss4 Neurological/mobility impairment5
Before birth
1) Congenital toxoplasmosis 2.22 (1.10, 4.49) 0.61 (0.26, 1.46) 1.88 (0.32, 11.04)
2) Maternal Age 1 0.99 (0.92, 1.07) 0.91 (0.92, 1.07) 1.15 (0.94, 1.42)
3) Parity 1 1.08 (0.82, 1.43) 0.77 (0.84, 0.99) 1.63 (1.01, 2.63)
4) Maternal Education 1 1.13 (0.77, 1.65) 0.96 (0.67, 1.37) 0.70 (0.27, 1.79)
5) Mother born outside country 2 (no = reference) 0.35 (0.08, 1.53) 0.54 (0.16, 1.87) Not estimable
6) Child's gender (male = reference) 1.76 (0.88, 3.51) 1.27 (0.64, 2.50) 0.78 (0.15, 3.98)
7) Duration of prenatal treatment (wks) 0.95 (0.92, 0.99) 1.01 (0.97, 1.04) 0.96 (0.87, 1.06)
After birth
8) Child's age at Questionnaire 1 (month) 1.02 (0.93, 1.11) 0.90 (0.79, 1.03) 1.05 (0.86, 1.29)
  1. 1Odds ratio for effect of exposure on outcome in all subjects per additional unit increase in exposure variable, adjusted for centre 2Odds ratio for effect of exposure on outcome, adjusted for centre 3Defined as any visual impairment, including wearing glasses 4Defined as any intermittent or permanent hearing loss 5Defined as seizures requiring treatment, cerebral palsy, and/or impaired