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Table 2 Mortality and morbidity among infants with and without nosocomial infections, for infants with birth weight less than 1500 g and 1500 g or more (asterisks indicate significant difference at p < 0.05 level between infants with and without nosocomial infections within each birth weight group).

From: Variations in rates of nosocomial infection among Canadian neonatal intensive care units may be practice-related

Birthweight Less than 1500 g 1500 g or more
Outcome (%) With NI (n = 765) Without NI (n = 2488) With NI (n = 329) Without NI (n = 12915)
Mortality 8.7 8.6 8.5 1.3*
Necrotizing enterocolitis 13.4 4.4* 8.8 0.4*
Chronic lung disease 38.7 18.5* 25.7 4.4*
Severe intraventricular hemorrhage 10.5 8.2* 5.3 2.8*
Severe retinopathy of prematurity 14.6 8.1* 0.0 0.0
Survival without major morbidity 46.3 69.5* 74.8 96.0*