Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of infants with and without nosocomial infections (NI), for birth weights less than 1500 g and 1500 g or more (asterisks indicate significant difference at p < 0.05 level between infants with and without NI in each birthweight group)

From: Variations in rates of nosocomial infection among Canadian neonatal intensive care units may be practice-related

Birth weight Less than 1500 g 1500 g or more
Characterististics With NI (n = 765) Without NI (n = 2488) With NI (n = 329) Without NI (n = 13244)
Gestation (mean weeks ± sd) 27.2 +/- 2.3 28.8 +/- 2.8* 35.8 +/- 3.6 36.3 +/- 3.2*
Birth weight (mean gm ± sd) 957 +/- 259 1010 +/- 267* 2611 +/- 806 2758 +/- 796*
Day 1 SNAP-II (mean ± sd) 18.2 +/- 12.5 14.1 +/- 13.0* 11.9 +/- 12.5 4.9 +/- 8.5*
Small for gestational age (%) 9.7 12.6* 2.8 2.7
Antenatal steroids (%) 71.4 68.2 21.1 20.4
Multiple birth (%) 26.7 28.5 7.9 12.5*
Outborn (%) 24.6 12.7* 59.9 23.1*
Male (%) 55.3 51.8 59.9 58.1
Cesarean delivery (%) 47.5 55.2* 38.9 36.3
Maternal hypertension (%) 18.1 19.4 10.4 11.6
Apgar @ 5 mins < 7 (%) 26.9 20.0* 21.4 11.9*
Congenital Anomalies (%) 10.6 7.9* 48.6 10.9*