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Table 1 Emotional and behavioral problems of 34 adolescents with short stature as judged by their parents.

From: Motives for choosing growth-enhancing hormone treatment in adolescents with idiopathic short stature: a questionnaire and structured interview study

Variable d SD t p  
Withdrawn behavior 0.34 1.10 1.82 0.08  
Somatic complaints 0.38 1.34 1.66 0.11  
Anxious/depressed behavior 0.54 1.35 2.35 0.03 *
Social problems 0.73 1.44 2.96 0.01 **
Thought problems 0.26 1.00 1.49 0.15  
Attention problems 0.59 1.36 2.54 0.02 *
Delinquent behavior 0.29 1.46 1.18 0.25  
Aggressive behavior 0.26 1.03 1.47 0.15  
Internalizing problems 0.54 1.31 2.42 0.02 *
Externalizing problems 0.28 1.17 1.40 0.17  
Total behavioral problems 0.50 1.25 2.35 0.03 *
  1. Mean scores (d), standard deviations (SD), and t and p values. The d values reflect the deviations from the Dutch normative population in standard deviation units, where a positive score indicates that the adolescents with short stature are judged to have more problems than the norm group.
  2. The d values have the following common effect sizes: a value smaller than 0.2 reflects no deviation from the norm, while values between 0.2 and 0.5, between 0.5 and 0.8, and greater than 0.8 reflect small, moderate, and large deviations, respectively [42]. T-tests examined whether norm deviation scores deviated from zero (the norm).
  3. * p < 0.05, ** p < 0.01