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Table 2 Biochemical markers of oxidative stress in enrolled newborns

From: Oxidative stress in term small for gestational age neonates born to undernourished mothers: a case control study

S. No. Biochemical Markers Study Group (n = 20) Control Group (n = 20) P-value* Mean difference (95% CI)
   Mean (SD) SE Median Range Mean (SD) SE Median Range   
1. Malondialdehyde (nmol/mL) 5.33 (0.72) 0.16 5.23 4.21–6.37 2.55 (0.22) 0.05 2.51 2.12–2.92 <0.0001 2.78 (2.43, 3.13)
2. Superoxide dismutase (U/g Hb) 493.57 (54.91) 12.28 493.53 402.4–583.5 786.81 (79.05) 17.68 752.25 692.4–956.4 <0.0001 -293.23 (-336.80, -249.66)
3. Catalase (U/g Hb) 1.48 (0.24) 0.05 1.45 1.09–2.02 2.31 (0.20) 0.04 2.28 2.01–2.72 <0.0001 -0.82 (-0.97, -0.68)
4. Reduced glutathione (μ mol/g Hb) 2.84 (0.37) 0.08 2.85 2.31–3.41 6.42 (0.23) 0.05 6.35 6.01–6.82 <0.0001 -3.58 (-3.78, -3.38)
  1. * Study group compared with the Control group by unpaired 't' test.