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Table 7 Breastfeeding information and feeding pattern

From: Breastfeeding in Bolivia – information and attitudes

Information source Prelacteal** Adj Prelacteal** Colostrum Adj Colostrum Excl Bf†† Adj Excl Bf†† On demand Adj On demand
Any source 0.24; 0.07–0.81* 0.27; 0.07–1.08 0.00; 0.00-∞ 0.00; 0.00-∞ 1.33; 0.66–2.70 1.33; 0.60–2.93 0.53; 0.07–4.20 0.70; 0.08–5.93
Before 0.40; 0.19–0.86* 0.44; 0.19–1.03 0.76; 0.10–5.97 0.61; 0.07–5.25 0.88; 0.56–1.39 0.88; 0.53–1.44 0.72; 0.24–2.13 0.79; 0.25–2.46
Before + maternity w. 0.22; 0.09–0.54† 0.23; 0.09–0.60# 1.20; 0.15–9.50 0.89; 0.10–8.03 1.00; 0.61–1.64 0.98: 0.58–1.68 0.84; 0.24–2.92 0.93; 0.25–3.39
Before vs. no 0.23; 0.07–0.78* 0.27; 0.07–1.09 0.00; 0.00-∞ 0.00; 0.00-∞ 1.32; 0.65–1.68 1.29; 0.58–2.86 NC NC
Doctor + Nurse 0.58; 0.31–1.05 0.58; 0.31–1.09 1.65; 0.52–5.26 1.47; 0.44–4.91 1.28; 0.93–1.76 1.26; 0.90–1.76 0.86; 0.41–1.77 1.02; 0.48–2.16
Before 0.69; 0.42–1.15 0.72; 0.42–1.23 2.58; 0.92–7.26 2.51; 0.86–7.29 1.16; 0.91–1.49 1.17; 0.90–1.52 0.66; 0.38–1.16 0.78; 0.43–1.43
Before + maternity w. 0.42; 0.25–0.72# 0.42; 0.23–0.72# 2.62; 0.95–7.24 2.54; 0.89–7.23 1.47; 1.11–1.93# 1.40; 1.05–1.87* 1.06; 0.58–1.96 1.22; 0.64–2.33
Before vs. no 0.55; 0.29–1.03 0.57; 0.29–1.12 2.41; 0.66–8.78 2.07; 0.52–8.15 1.31; 0.94–1.82 1.26; 0.89–1.80 0.75; 0.36–1.58 0.90; 0.41–1.96
Doctor 0.69; 0.39–1.23 0.71; 0.39–1.30 2.97; 1.07–8.21* 2.67; 0.94–7.62 1.11;0.82–1.50 1.09: 0.79–1.49 0.17; 0.01–2.91 1.01; 0.51–1.99
Before 0.74; 0.45–1.23 0.78; 0.46–1.34 3.06; 1.04–8.98* 2.94; 0.96–8.98 1.03; 0.81–1.32 1.04; 0.80–1.36 0.68; 0.39–1.18 0.82; 0.45–1.48
Before + maternity w. 0.52; 0.31–0.89* 0.53; 0.31–0.93* 3.48; 1.26–9.59* 3.30; 1.16–9.37* 1.25; 0.96–1.64 1.22; 0.92–1.62 1.06; 0.59–1.91 1.22; 0.66–2.27
Before vs. no 0.65; 0.36–1.20 0.58; 0.30–1.13 3.94; 1.22–12.78* 3.54; 1.03–12.02* 1.14; 0.82–1.52 1.08; 0.77–1.50 0.87; 0.40–1.55 0.91; 0.45–1.86
Nurse 0.62; 0.37–1.05 0.60; 0.35–1.02 0.97; 0.33–2.85 0.85; 0.2–82.59 1.12; 0.86–1.45 1.06; 0.80–1.39 0.87; 0.49–1.55 0.97; 0.53–1.78
Before 0.75; 0.45–1.27 0.74; 0.43–1.27 1.59; 0.54–4.66 1.55; 0.52–4.16 1.04; 0.81–1.33 1.04; 0.81–1.36 0.80; 0.47–1.35 0.79; 0.44–1.39
Before + maternity w. 0.56; 0.33–0.92* 0.54; 0.32–0.91* 1.24; 0.45–3.14 1.15; 0.41–3.21 1.20; 0.94–1.54 1.14; 0.88–1.49 1.08; 0.63–1.85 1.12; 0.63–1.99
Before vs. no 0.62; 0.35–1.11 0.59; 0.32–1.08 1.32; 0.37–4.64 1.24; 0.34–4.53 1.10; 0.83–1.46 1.06; 0.78–1.43 0.80; 0.43–1.50 0.87; 0.45–1.67
Family 0.82; 0.46–1.46 0.87; 0.47–1.61 0.43; 0.10–1.92 0.40; 0.08–1.88 0.98; 0.73–1.30 1.03; 0.75–1.41 0.82; 0.44–1.56 0.93; 0.47–1.86
Before 071; 0.42–1.20 0.71; 0.40–1.26 0.67; 0.21–2.12 0.61; 0.18–2.10 1.00; 0.77–1.29 0.90; 0.68–1.20 0.80; 0.45–1.42 0.71; 0.37–1.36
Before + maternity w. 0.70; 0.41–1.19 0.70; 0.39–1.24 0.75; 0.24–2.38 0.73; 0.21–2.51 1.01; 0.77–1.31 1.08; 0.81–1.45 0.92; 0.51–1.64 0.83; 0.43–1.61
Before vs. no 0.76; 0.43–1.37 0.79; 0.42–1.50 0.45; 0.10–2.04 0.40; 0.08–1.99 0.99; 0.74–1.32 1.09; 0.78–1.50 0.80; 0.42–1.54 0.87; 0.43–1.75
Neighbor ## 0.93; 0.56–1.56 0.81; 0.48–1.39 0.89; 0.33–2.44 0.86; 0.31–2.41 0.95; 0.74–1.22 0.97; 0.75–1.26 1.46; 0.84–2.55 1.37; 0.76–2.36
Before 0.74; 0.43–1.27 0.64; 0.36–1.12 1.23; 0.42–3.62 1.23; 0.41–3.64 0.90; 0.70–1.16 0.90; 0.69–1.18 1.44; 0.81–2.57 1.25; 0.69–2.28
Before vs. no 0.79; 0.45–1.38 0.68; 0.38–1.22 1.10; 0.36–3.36 1.09; 0.35–3.38 0.91; 0.70–1.18 0.93; 0.71–1.22 1.49; 0.83–2.67 1.32; 0.72–2.41
TV ## 0.39; 0.23–0.68† 0.42; 0.23–0.75# 1.60; 0.49; 5.22 2.10; 0.70–6.26 0.81; 0.60–1.08 0.78; 0.56–1.06 0.57; 0.27–1.20 0.56; 0.25–1.26
Before 0.51; 0.30–0.85* 0.52; 0.30–0.91* 1.14; 0.36–3.59 1.46; 0.50–4.32 1.05; 0.80–1.37 1.10; 0.82–1.48 0.60; 0.32–1.11 0.56; 0.29–1.09
Before vs. no 0.40; 0.23–0.71# 0.43; 0.24–0.78# 2.13; 0.75–6.05 1.88; 0.63–5.66 0.84; 0.62–1.13 0.83; 0.60–1.14 0.58; 0.27–1.23 0.57; 0.25–1.30
Radio## 0.75; 0.44–1.26 0.74; 0.43–1.28 1.25; 0.44–3.52 1.35; 0.47–3.87 0.93; 0.72–1.20 0.86; 0.66–1.13 0.72; 0.40–1.30 0.77; 0.41–1.44
Before 0.78; 0.47–1.31 0.77; 0.46–1.32 1.00; 0.36–2.82 1.08; 0.38–3.08 0.94; 0.74–1.21 0.90; 0.70–1.18 0.79; 0.45–1.39 0.88; 0.48–1.59
Before vs. no 0.75; 0.44–1.27 0.74; 0.43–1.29 1.16; 0.41–3.26 1.25; 0.44–3.60 0.93; 0.72–1.21 0.87; 0.66–1.15 0.73; 0.40–1.33 0.80; 0.42–1.50
Book/Mag## 0.74; 0.45–1.23 0.68; 0.39–1.17 1.01; 0.37–2.74 1.02; 0.35–2.95 1.03; 0.81–1.31 0.91; 0.69–1.19 0.86; 0.50–1.46 0.83; 0.46–1.51
Before 0.71; 0.42–1.19 0.64; 0.37–1.12 1.14; 0.42–3.12 1.18; 0.41–3.42 1.03; 0.81–1.32 0.94; 0.72–1.23 0.91; 0.53–1.54 0.89; 0.48–1.64
Before vs. no 0.72; 0.42–1.21 0.66; 0.38–1.16 1.08; 0.38–3.04 1.07; 0.36–3.21 1.03; 0.81–1.33 0.92; 0.70–1.21 0.88; 0.51–1.51 0.89; 0.50–1.60
  1. Adj = Adjusted value. Adjusted values have been corrected for residence (urban vs. rural), ethnicity (Latin vs. non-Latin), work (work vs. no work of the mother), education (≤ 5 years of education vs. >5 years of education) Bf = Breastfeeding Excl = Exclusive, for definition see text. NC = Not calculated: there were no "on-demand-fed infants" in the group "not informed at all". Only women who had never been informed about breastfeeding were included in the "no-group". When no "time" is specified in the column "information source", comparisons indicate relationships between "any information" and no information from the source in question. * p < 0.05; # p < 0.01; † p < 0.001 ** In calculations regarding prelacteal foods the reference category consists of "informed after birth or never informed", since information after the first few days of life would have no influence on this type of feeding behavior. ## No odds/hazard ratios or 95% confidence intervals for odds/hazard ratios have been calculated for the combination of "before birth of the infant or on the maternity ward", since the number of mothers receiving their initial information about breastfeeding on the maternity ward was ≤ 2. †† Hazard ratios >1 indicate longer exclusive breastfeeding duration (usually hazard ratios > 1 in survival analyses indicate an increased risk of "death", i.e. short time to endpoint, but in this case transformations have been carried out to make data easier to interpret for the reader).