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Table 4 Attitudes towards breastfeeding on the part of the mother, the infant's father and grandmother, and the mother's sister/brother

From: Breastfeeding in Bolivia – information and attitudes

  Prelacteal Adj Prelact Colostrum Adj Colostr Excl Bf† Adj Excl Bf† Any Bf Adj any Bf On demand Adj On demand
Attitude in           
  502 448 488 436 177/492 156/439 216 199 461 413
Mother* 1.01; 0.63–1.62 1.04; 0.61–1.79 0.87; 0.35–2.14 0.98; 0.46–2.10 1.19; 0.95–1.48 1.05; 0.81–1.36 -1.02; -3.34, 1.31 -0.03; -2.60, 2.54 1.28; 0.70–2.34 0.94; 0.57–1.55
  446 401 435 391 160/439 144/394 209 183 408 369
Father # 0.56; 0.21–1.45 0.58; 0.21–1.64 0.85, 0.11–6.62 0.48; 0.06–4.14 0.99; 0.58–1.69 0.89; 0.49–1.62 -0.35; -5.00, 4.31 0.19; -4.75, 5.13 0.26; 0.034–1.95 0.27; 0.035–2.18
  447 400 435 389 158/438 139/391 193 176 409 367
Grandmother # 0.61; 0.29–1.31 0.67; 0.30–1.50 1.52; 0.43–5.36 0.96; 0.21–4.54 0.91, 0.61–1.36 0.86; 0.56–1.30 -1.05; -5.02, 2.92 -0.68; -4.78, 3.42 0.92; 0.37–2.28 1.17; 0.45–3.02
  447 404 435 393 151/438 136/395 197 182 412 374
Sister # 1.00; 0.51–1.97 1.08; 0.52–2.21 2.57; 1.01–6.50π 2.05; 0.74–5.68 0.83; 0.60–1.15 0.78; 0.55–1.09 0.97; -2.24, 4.18 0.89; -2.46, 4.25 0.99; 0.47–2.06 1.15; 0.53–2.49
  1. Adj = Adjusted value. No crude values are presented. All values have been corrected for residence (urban vs. rural), ethnicity (Latin vs. non-Latin), work (work vs. no work of the mother), education (≤ 5 years of education vs. >5 years of education) Bf = Breastfeeding Excl = Exclusive, for definition see text. Odds/Hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals are given for all outcome measures except for "any breastfeeding" where values indicate differences in duration in months. * In all analyses of maternal attitude and feeding pattern, the attitudes "good" (n = 272) and "neutral" (n = 1) were collapsed into one group and then compared with " very good" (n = 229).# Reported attitudes towards breastfeeding have been dichotomized into "positive" vs. "indifferent, negative, the mother reported not knowing the attitude". † Indicates the number of censored/total observations. Hazard ratios > 1 indicate longer exclusive breastfeeding duration (usually hazard ratios in survival analyses indicate an increased risk of "death", i.e. short time to endpoint, but in this case transformations have been carried out to make data easier to interpret for the reader.). π p = 0.0468