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Table 2 Inflammation markers, echocardiographic parameters, and IMT values in patients with KD and febrile controls

From: Common carotid artery intima-media thickness is useful for diagnosis of the acute stage of Kawasaki disease

Characteristic Patients with KD (n = 21) Controls (n = 14) pvalue*
LCA (mm) 2.79 ± 0.77 2.51 ± 0.56 0.35
  z-score >2 or < -2 52.4% (n = 11) 7.1% (n = 1) 0.01
LAD (mm) 2.30 ± 0.90 1.90 ± 0.35 0.40
  z-score >2 or < -2 47.6% (n = 10) 0 0.00
LCX (mm) 1.64 ± 0.63 1.45 ± 0.17 0.57
  z-score >2 or < -2 9.5% (n = 2) 0 0.51
RCA (mm) 2.57 ± 1.24 2.17 ± 0.54 0.59
  z-score >2 or < -2 17.1% (n = 6) 0 0.06
LVEF (%) 65 ± 7 65 ± 6 0.96
Total WBC (×1000/mm3) 16.12 ± 7.01 15.13 ± 6.95 0.69
Platelets (×1000/mm3) 487.5 ± 198.0 352.5 ± 161.1 0.01
CRP (mg/L) 110.4 ± 91.5 148.6 ± 89.6 0.17
IMT (mm) 0.550 ± 0.08 0.483 ± 0.05 0.01
  1. Values are mean ± SD or %.
  2. LCA, left coronary artery; LAD, left anterior descending coronary artery; LCX, left circumflex coronary artery; RCA, right coronary artery; LVEF, left ventricular ejection fraction; WBC, white blood cells; CRP, C-reactive protein; IMT, intima-media thickness.
  3. *Mann–Whitney U test.