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Table 3 Differences in mean scores in the index a - and reference b group, with corresponding p-value, regarding mental health in reports by teachers (TRF), parents (CBCL) and children (SDQ)

From: Multi-informant reports of mental health in Swedish-born children of immigrants and children born to non-immigrants – the SESBiC-study

  Immigrant status Boys Girls
      t-test of equality of means     t-test of equality of means
   n Mean SD Sig. (2-tailed) n Mean SD Sig. (2-tailed)
Teacher (TRF)          
 Internalizing Index groupa 53 1.96 2.78 .878 34 2.68 3.05 .171
  Reference groupb 323 1.90 3.02   364 1.91 3.09  
 Externalizing Index groupa 53 4.87 6.53 .475 34 0.94 1.37 .311
  Reference groupb 323 4.17 6.77   364 1.23 2.94  
 Total Index groupa 53 15.00 15.43 .388 34 5.62 5.05 .802
  Reference groupb 323 13.00 15.97   364 5.37 8.15  
Parent (CBCL)          
 Internalizing Index groupa 53 4.45 4.06 .700 34 7.00 5.09 .026
  Reference groupb 323 4.22 4.53   364 4.89 5.03  
 Externalizing Index groupa 53 6.34 5.84 .287 34 4.35 5.04 .685
  Reference groupb 323 5.39 6.76   364 3.99 4.63  
 Total Index groupa 53 15.96 11.73 .389 34 15.97 12.68 .112
  Reference groupb 323 14.39 15.18   364 12.30 11.63  
Children (SDQ)          
 Internalizing Index groupa 53 1.83 1.54 .545 34 2.21 1.47 .040
  Reference groupb 323 1.97 1.78   364 2.78 1.97  
 Externalizing Index groupa 53 1.72 1.47 .786 34 1.47 1.16 .590
  Reference groupb 323 1.78 1.58   364 1.36 1.21  
 Total Index groupa 53 11.06 5.84 .752 34 8.44 4.61 .020
  Reference groupb 323 11.33 6.27   364 10.48 5.60  
  1. a= Children of immigrants.
  2. b= Children of non-immigrant parents.