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Table 3 Household, community, and individual level predictors of acute under nutrition among children 6 – 36 months, Kersa district, east Ethiopia

From: Predictors of acute undernutrition among children aged 6 to 36 months in east rural Ethiopia: a community based nested case - control study

Characteristics Model I AOR (95% CI) Model II AOR (95% CI) Model III AOR (95% CI) Final model AOR (95% CI)
Household (basic) factors     
Maternal education     
 Illiterate 1.59(0.93, 2.73)    1.42(0.82. 2.46)
 Literate 1    1
Paternal education     
 Illiterate 1.44(1.04, 2.00)*    1.38(0.99, 1.92)
 Literate 1    1
Decision - making strategy of the sick child     
 Individual based 1.84(1.40, 2.50)**    1.62(1.20, 2..20)**
 Jointly/common 1    1
Households’ wealth index     
 Poor 1.60(1.10, 2.30)*    1.49(1.02, 2.20)*
 Middle 1.47(1.03 ,2.10)*    1.52(1.05, 2.20)*
 Rich 1    1
Household food security     
 Food insecure 1.39(0.90,2.14)    1,49(0.95, 2.34)
 Food secure 1    1
Community (underlying) factors     
Maternal access to health facility     
 No   1.70(1.30, 2.20)**   1.56(1.14, 2.20 )**
 Yes   1   1
Maternal TT vaccination     
 No   1.28(0.97, 1.68)   1.18(0.88, 1.58)
 Yes   1   1
Individual (proximate) factors     
Exclusive Breastfeeding     
 No    1,22 ( 0.92, 163) 1.43(1.05 , 1.9 4)*
 Yes    1 1
Birth interval     
 <2 years    1.62(1.22, 2.20 )** 1.65 (1.23, 2.20)**
 ≥ 2 years    1 1
Child had separate feeding plate     
 No    1.29(0.93, 1.79) 1.13 (0.81,1.58)
 Yes    1 1
MDD 24 hours before the survey     
 < 4 food items    1.49((1.13, 1..96)* 1.25(0.93, 1.69)
 ≥ 4 food items    1 1
Child’s gender     
 Male    1.19(0.91, 1.57) 1.19(0.89, 1.56)
 Female    1 1
Child’s age (months)     
 6- 23    1.15(0.80, 1.65) 1.13(0.78, 1.64)
 24-35    1.29(0.93, 1.79) 1.36(0.97, 1.90)
 36-60    1 1
  1. * = p < 0.05, ** = P < 0.001, AOR = Adjusted Odds Ratio.