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Table 5 K cohort: longitudinal psychosocial outcomes of children reported to have ear infections or hearing problems

From: Psychosocial outcomes of children with ear infections and hearing problems: a longitudinal study

SDQ subscale Baseline ear infections Baseline hearing problems
SDQ Wave 1 4/5 years SDQ Wave 2 6/7 years SDQ Wave 3 8/9 years SDQ Wave 4 10/11 years SDQ Wave 1 4/5 years SDQ Wave 2 6/7 years SDQ Wave 3 8/9 years SDQ Wave 4 10/11 years
% AOR % AOR % AOR % AOR % AOR % AOR % AOR % AOR
Abnormal/borderline pro-social score 13.2 1.13 12.5 1.23 12.1 1.06 10.6 1.21 19.3 1.62 14.7 1.67* 22.8 1.50 13.3 1.32
p = 0.477 p = 0.129 p = 0.666 p = 0.158 p = 0.072 p = 0.025 p = 0.060 p = 0.234
Wald = 0.5 Wald = 2.3 Wald = 0.2 Wald = 2.0 Wald = 2.3 Wald = 5.0 Wald = 3.5 Wald = 1.42
SE = 0.2 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.1 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.3 SE = 0.3
Abnormal/borderline hyperactivity score 22.8 1.36* 22.1 1.34* 17.8 1.05 19.4 1.17 32.3 2.00* 28.0 1.91* 32.8 1.70* 24.0 1.34
p = 0.026 p = 0.020 p = 0.678 p = 0.207 p = 0.002 p = 0.003 p = 0.013 p = 0.186
Wald = 5.0 Wald = 5.4 Wald = 0.2 Wald = 1.6 Wald = 9.3 Wald = 8.9 Wald = 6.1 Wald = 1.7
SE = 0.2 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.1 SE = 0.1 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.3
Abnormal/borderline emotional score 26.3 2.32* 21.0 1.40* 21.4 1.26 28.4 1.44* 29.0 2.39* 21.6 1.76* 28.6 1.56* 30.7 1.51
p = 0.000 p = 0.007 p = 0.056 p = 0.002 p = 0.000 p = 0.010 p = 0.038 p = 0.058
Wald = 39.1 Wald = 7.2 Wald = 3.7 Wald = 9.3 Wald = 13 Wald = 6.7 Wald = 4.3 Wald = 3.6
SE = 0.3 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.6 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.3 SE = 0.3
Abnormal/borderline peer problems score 32.8 1.43* 28.9 1.27*, 33.1 1.34* 30.0 1.33* 40.9 1.83* 30.2 1.46 38.6 1.55* 42.6 1.96*
p = 0.004 p = 0.044 p = 0.013 p = 0.018 p = 0.005 p = 0.081 p = 0.042 p = 0.002
Wald = 8.1 Wald = 4.1 Wald = 3.2 Wald = 5.6 Wald = 7.8 Wald = 3.0 Wald = 4.1 Wald = 9.8
SE = 0.2 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.3 SE = 0.3 SE = 0.4
Abnormal/borderline conduct score 51.9 1.39* 25.0 1.25 22.6 1.13 23.9 1.26 57.0 1.59* 33.3 1.90* 31.4 1.47 38.7 2.00*
p = 0.005 p = 0.067 p = 0.298 p = 0.056 p = 0.001 p = 0.003 p = 0.076 p = 0.001
Wald = 8.0 Wald = 3.4 Wald = 1.1 Wald = 3.6 Wald = 4.6 Wald = 9.0 Wald = 3.1 Wald = 10.3
SE = 0.2 SE = 0.1 SE = 0.1 SE = 0.1 SE = 0.3 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.3 SE = 0.4
Abnormal/borderline total score 32.8 2.07* 21.4 1.42 18.1 1.12 23.9 1.41* 40.8 2.62* 20.3 1.64* 31.5 1.69* 29.3 1.63*
p = 0.000 p = 0.006 p = 0.349 p = 0.005 p < 0.001 p = 0.026 p = 0.015 p = 0.025
Wald = 33.0 Wald = 7.6 Wald = 0.9 Wald = 7.9 Wald = 19 Wald = 4.9 Wald = 5.9 Wald = 5.0
SE = 0.3 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.1 SE = 0.2 SE = 0.6 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.4 SE = 0.2
  1. Note. * = significant difference; AOR = adjusted odds ratio; SE = standard error; SDQ = Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Analyses were adjusted for the responding parent’s education and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA).