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Table 4 B cohort: longitudinal psychosocial outcomes of children reported to have ear infections or hearing problems

From: Psychosocial outcomes of children with ear infections and hearing problems: a longitudinal study

SDQ subscale Baseline ear infections Baseline hearing problems
SDQ Wave 3 4/5 years SDQ Wave 4 6/7 years SDQ Wave 3 4/5 years SDQ Wave 4 6/7 years
% AOR % AOR [95% CI] % AOR [95% CI] % AOR [95% CI]
Abnormal/borderline pro-social score 13.8 1.03, p = 0.846 8.7 1.06, p = 0.724 18.8 1.85, p = 0.122 26.3 2.67*, p = 0.015
Wald = 0.0, SE = 0.2 Wald = 0.1, SE = 0.2 Wald = 2.4, SE = 0.7 Wald = 5.9, SE = 1.1
Abnormal/borderline hyperactivity score 17.4 1.13, p = 0.429 18.5 1.03, p = 0.832 12.5 1.53, p = 0.292 21.0 1.48, p = 0.333
Wald = 0.1, SE = 0.2 Wald = 1.1, SE = 0.6 Wald = 0.9, SE = 0.6
Wald = 0.6, SE = 0.2
Abnormal/borderline emotional score 10.2 0.99, p = 0.967 19.9 1.19, p = 0.274 12.5 1.73, p = 0.173 31.5 2.20*, p = 0.048
Wald = 0.0, SE = 0.2 Wald = 1.2, SE = 0.2 Wald = 1.8, SE = 0.7 Wald = 3.9, SE = 0.5
Abnormal/borderline peer problems score 18.9 0.95, p = 0.759 21.9 1.08, p = 0.633 25.0 1.72, p = 0.176 26.3 1.60, p = 0.242
Wald = 0.1, SE = 0.1 Wald = 0.2, SE = 0.1 Wald = 1.8, SE = 0.7 Wald = 1.4, SE = 0.6
Abnormal/borderline conduct score 35.5 0.89, p = 0.449 25.2 1.13, p = 0.426 50.0 1.90, p = 0.136 21.0 1.26, p = 0.566
Wald = 0.6, SE = 0.2 Wald = 0.6, SE = 0.2 Wald = 2.2, SE = 0.8 Wald = 0.3, SE = 0.5
Abnormal/borderline total score 15.2 1.03, p = 0.836 19.2 1.22, p = 0.221 25.0 2.09, p = 0.066 21.1 1.69, p = 0.196
Wald = 0.1, SE = 0.2 Wald = 1.5, SE = 0.2 Wald = 3.4, SE = 0.8 Wald = 1.6, SE = 0.7
  1. Note. * = significant difference; AOR = adjusted odds ratio; SE = standard error; SDQ = Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Analyses were adjusted for the responding parent’s education and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA).