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Table 3 K cohort: multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) of psychosocial outcomes of children reporting ear infections or hearing problems

From: Psychosocial outcomes of children with ear infections and hearing problems: a longitudinal study

Psychosocial outcomes MANOVA of Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) subscales by ear infections or hearing problems
Reported ear infections at baseline Wave 1 (4/5 years) Reported hearing problems at baseline Wave 1 (4/5 years)
SDQ Wave 1 4/5 years SDQ Wave 2 6/7 years SDQ Wave 3 8/9 years SDQ Wave 4 10/11 years SDQ Wave 1 4/5 years SDQ Wave 2 6/7 years SDQ Wave 3 8/9 years SDQ Wave 4 10/11 years
Wilks’ lambda 0.987, 0.993, 0.992, 0.992, 0.991, 0.993, 0.986, 0.991,
p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001
Pillai’s trace 0.013, 0.007, 0.008, 0.008, 0.009, 0.007, 0.014, 0.009,
p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001
Hotelling trace 0.013, 0.007, 0.008, 0.008, 0.009, 0.007, 0.015, 0.009,
p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001
Roy’s largest root 0.013, 0.007, 0.008, 0.008, 0.009, 0.007, 0.015, 0.009,
p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001 p <0.001
  1. Note. Analyses were adjusted for parent’s education and Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA).