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Table 1 Showing percentage distribution of children by the level of blood pressure in relation to their age, gender and BMI

From: Elevated arterial blood pressure and body mass index among Nigerian preschool children population

Percentage distribution of the children by the level of their blood pressure
Blood pressure (BP) Frequency (N) Percentage (%)
Hypertension 3 0.5
Pre- Hypertension 9 1.4
Normal BP 618 98.1
Total 630 100
Distribution of elevated blood pressure by age of the children
Age (Yrs) Pre HBP HBP Normal Total
2 - < 3 0 (0) 0 (0) 116 (18.4) 116 (18.4)
3- < 4 0 (0) 0 (0) 169 (26.8) 169 (26.8)
4 - < 5 0 (0) 0 (0) 163 (25.9) 163 (25.9)
5 9 (1.4) 3 (0.5) 170 (27.0) 182 (28.9%)
Total 9 (1.4) 3 (0.5) 618 (98.1) 630 (100)
χ 2= 28.76 df = 5 P- value = 0.001
Distribution of elevated blood pressure by gender of the children
Gender Pre HBP HBP Normal Total
Male 6 (0.95) 2 (0.32) 337 (53.5%) 345 (54.8)
Female 3 (0.45) 1 (0.18) 281 (44.6) 285 (45.2)
Total 9 (1.4) 3 (0.5) 618 (98.1) 630 (100)
χ 2= 0.70 df = 2 P-value = 0.71
Distribution of elevated blood pressure by BMI of the children
BMI Classification Pre HBP HBP Normal Total
Underweight 9 (1.4) 2 (0.32) 570 (90.5) 581 (92.2)
Healthy weight 0 (0) 1 (0.18) 43 (6.8) 44 (7)
Overweight 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.3) 2 (0.3)
Obese 0 (0) 0 (0) 3 (0.5) 3 (0.5)
Total 9 (1.4) 3 (0.5) 618 (98.1) 630 (100)
χ 2= 3.98 df = 5 P- value = 0.68