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Table 1 Descriptive characteristics of the study population of the total cohort and the subset of children with cytokine profiles

From: Febrile illness and pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with lower neurodevelopmental scores in Bangladeshi infants living in poverty

Characteristic Total (N = 398) Subset (N = 127)
Male sex (%) 217 (54.5) 74 (58.3)
No maternal education (%) 154 (38.7) 41 (32.3)
Monthly family income (BDT) 6869 ± 3510 7939 ± 4742*
Family size 5.5 ± 2.3 5.8 ± 2.9
Maternal BMI < 18.5 (%) 68 (17.1) 18 (14.2)
Exclusive breast feeding (months) 4.0 ± 2.2 3.8 ± 2.3
Low birth weight (%) 131 (32.9) 38 (29.9)
LAZ at birth -0.95 ± 1.12 -1.04 ± 1.04
LAZ at 12 months -1.73 ± 1.10 -1.57 ± 1.09
LAZ at 24 months -2.28 ± 1.08 -2.20 ± 0.78
Courses of antibiotics 12.2 ± 5.5 13.9 ± 5.3*
Diarrheal illness (total days) 16.3 ± 13.1 12.8 ± 11.1*
ARI (total days) 17.1 ± 13.1 11.6 ± 8.4*
Febrile illness (total days) 9.7 ± 7.8 10.2 ± 7.6
  1. Data are expressed as count (%) for categorical measures and mean ± SD for continuous measures.
  2. Asterisk indicates p-value < 0.05 between children with and without cytokines profiles by t-test for continuous measures and χ2 for categorical measures.
  3. Abbreviations: BDT Bangladeshi taka (currency), BMI body mass index, LAZ length-for-age Z-score, ARI acute respiratory infection.
  4. Less than 2500 g.
  5. During first year of life.