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Table 5 Growth and socio-demographic characteristics of the samples, KDHS

From: Child undernutrition in Kenya: trend analyses from 1993 to 2008–09

  1993   1998   2003   2008-09  
  n % n % n % n %
Growth         
Wasted 249 8.4 255 8.7 216 7.2 224 7.4
Stunted 1,182 39.5 1,094 37.1 1,095 36.1 1,114 36.5
Underweight 615 19.7 537 17.6 504 16.0 471 15.0
Sex         
Male 2,020 60.1 1,647 51.4 1,930 59.4 1,917 60.0
Female 1,343 39.9 1,559 48.6 1,320 40.6 1,281 40.0
Age         
0-5 months 521 15.5 523 16.3 603 18.6 516 16.1
6-11 months 593 17.6 564 17.6 615 18.9 585 18.3
12-23 months 1,124 33.4 1,097 34.2 1,080 33.2 1,048 32.8
24-35 months 1,126 33.5 1,021 31.9 952 29.3 1,049 32.8
Province         
Nairobi 157 4.7 213 6.7 216 6.7 181 5.6
Central 390 11.6 296 9.2 357 11.0 249 7.8
Coast 310 9.2 263 8.2 290 8.9 289 9.0
Eastern 668 19.9 546 17.0 537 16.5 514 16.1
Nyanza 526 15.6 641 20.0 510 15.7 630 19.7
Rift-Valley 769 22.9 824 25.7 924 28.4 927 29.0
Western 543 16.2 423 13.2 417 12.8 408 12.8
Residence         
Urban 430 12.8 600 18.7 607 18.7 591 18.5
Rural 2,934 87.2 2,606 81.3 2,644 81.3 2,608 81.5
Maternal Education         
No education 614 18.3 339 10.6 432 13.3 318 9.9
Incomplete primary 1,320 39.2 1,221 38.1 1,209 37.2 1,115 34.9
Complete primary 665 19.8 811 25.3 914 28.1 982 30.7
Incomplete secondary 670 19.9 306 9.6 281 8.6 283 8.8
Secondary + 94 2.8 528 16.5 416 12.8 501 15.7
Wealth Index         
Poorest 762 22.7 782 24.4 752 23.1 745 23.3
Poorer 702 20.9 663 20.7 695 21.4 684 21.4
Middle 672 20.0 606 18.9 620 19.1 610 19.1
Richer 657 19.5 581 18.1 571 17.6 576 18.0
Richest 570 16.9 573 17.9 614 18.9 584 18.3
  1. Secondary +, complete secondary and/or higher education.