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Table 2 Wasting trends by age, province, residence, maternal education and wealth index, KDHS

From: Child undernutrition in Kenya: trend analyses from 1993 to 2008–09

   1993 1998 2003 2008-09    
  Sex n % C.I. n % C.I. n % C.I. n % C.I. Wald F P-value Trend
Total M/F 2,969 8.4 7.2-9.8 2,921 8.7 7.6-10.0 3,020 7.2 6.0-8.5 3,028 7.4 6.1-8.9 2.206 0.138  
  M 1,789 9.1 7.5-10.9 1,501 9.2 7.7-10.9 1,818 8.6 7.0-10.5 1,807 8.6 7.0-10.5 0.259 0.611  
  F 1,180 7.3 5.8-9.3 1,420 8.2 6.7-10.1 1,202 5.0 3.8-6.5 1,221 5.6 4.3-7.4 5.338 0.021
Age                 
0-5 months M 275 9.7 6.3-14.7 273 9.9 6.5-14.6 342 10.0 6.9-14.4 308 8.0 5.2-12.2 0.293 0.589  
  F 160 8.3 4.8-14.1 179 8.6 5.0-14.4 170 5.6 2.9-10.6 142 12.8 7.8-20.2 0.391 0.532  
6-11 months M 367 10.4 7.3-14.6 293 14.9 10.4-20.9 366 10.0 7.1-13.9 373 13.2 8.1-20.8 0.104 0.747  
  F 179 7.0 4.0-12.0 232 9.9 6.4-15.2 221 4.7 2.6-8.3 185 6.5 3.2-13.0 0.056 0.812  
12-23 months M 648 10.2 7.4-14.0 528 9.1 6.8-12.1 638 8.9 6.6-12.0 583 5.3 3.6-7.8 5.714 0.017
  F 360 8.9 5.9-13.3 489 9.8 7.1-13.3 385 6.4 4.3-9.5 430 4.2 2.7-6.6 8.977 0.003
24-35 months M 500 6.2 4.3-9.0 407 4.6 2.8-7.4 472 6.1 4.0-9.4 543 9.2 5.8-14.3 3.139 0.077  
  F 482 6.0 4.0-8.8 520 5.9 4.0-8.6 426 3.5 2.0-6.1 464 4.4 2.4-8.0 1.431 0.232  
Province                 
Nairobi M 58 4.8 1.3-16.3 120 13.8 8.3-22.2 111 4.6 2.1-10.1 84 9.7 4.0-21.7 0.010 0.922  
  F 43 0.0   68 10.8 3.8-26.9 88 4.9 1.2-18.2 73 2.9 0.6-12.5 0.089 0.766  
Central M 199 3.5 1.4-8.3 127 9.2 5.2-15.9 182 5.2 2.8-9.3 122 5.2 2.5-10.5 0.213 0.645  
  F 159 4.6 2.0-10.2 142 8.2 3.7-17.1 145 6.6 3.6-11.6 110 7.2 3.6-14.1 0.409 0.524  
Coast M 146 13.7 9.5-19.4 126 7.4 4.4-12.2 167 8.2 5.0-13.2 173 13.7 8.9-20.5 0.012 0.913  
  F 93 13.9 8.3-22.3 112 6.4 3.7-10.8 97 4.7 2.1-10.0 108 11.8 7.2-18.7 0.172 0.679  
Eastern M 344 10.5 7.0-15.6 230 6.8 4.0-11.3 321 7.9 4.7-12.8 268 4.8 2.7-8.2 3.981 0.048
  F 248 11.7 7.3-18.0 259 6.4 3.3-12.1 184 2.7 1.0-7.5 233 5.7 2.8-11.1 3.583 0.060  
Nyanza M 292 9.6 6.7-13.6 312 12.9 9.0-18.2 278 6.3 3.7-10.6 385 6.1 4.1-9.0 6.403 0.012
  F 189 5.2 2.6-10.0 297 11.2 8.1-15.4 201 1.5 0.5-5.0 222 4.5 2.3-8.7 3.496 0.063  
Rift-Valley M 418 10.9 7.2-16.3 396 7.8 5.4-11.2 520 12.6 9.0-17.5 533 13.4 10.0-17.8 1.794 0.182  
  F 268 7.5 4.8-11.6 340 7.7 5.3-11.2 323 6.3 3.9-10.2 318 6.4 3.6-11.2 0.375 0.541  
Western M 333 6.8 4.4-10.4 193 6.9 4.0-11.8 239 8.3 4.5-14.9 242 3.8 1.6-8.8 0.777 0.379  
  F 181 4.2 2.0-8.6 203 7.2 4.0-12.6 163 7.8 4.7-12.6 158 1.5 0.5-4.8 1.199 0.275  
Residence                 
Urban M 192 6.4 3.8-10.7 283 7.9 4.8-12.7 324 5.6 3.6-8.6 305 7.4 4.7-11.5 0.001 0.973  
  F 135 5.9 3.0-11.5 244 7.9 4.8-12.9 222 3.8 1.7-8.6 244 3.5 1.8-6.6 3.611 0.058  
Rural M 1,598 9.4 7.7-11.4 1,218 9.5 7.8-11.4 1,494 9.3 7.4-11.5 1,502 8.8 7.0-11.1 0.182 0.670  
  F 1,046 7.5 5.8-9.6 1,177 8.3 6.6-10.3 980 5.2 3.9-7.0 977 6.2 4.6-8.3 2.982 0.085  
Maternal Education                 
No education M 309 16.2 11.8-21.9 164 7.6 4.2-13.5 236 18.4 13.0-25.5 182 18.6 13.4-25.3 1.126 0.289  
  F 206 12.4 8.4-17.8 144 11.3 6.8-18.4 155 6.0 2.7-12.6 114 8.7 4.7-15.4 2.498 0.115  
Incomplete primary M 710 9.4 7.1-12.2 557 12.2 9.5-15.4 678 11.1 8.5-14.4 666 8.5 6.1-11.6 0.296 0.587  
  F 476 6.6 4.5-9.7 548 8.6 6.3-11.7 456 5.7 3.8-8.4 411 4.8 2.6-8.4 2.006 0.157  
Complete primary M 366 8.0 5.6-11.4 377 9.1 6.3-13.1 519 3.4 2.0-5.5 562 6.6 4.5-9.7 1.994 0.158  
  F 226 6.4 3.6-11.0 370 8.6 5.7-12.8 326 5.1 3.1-8.3 363 8.9 5.6-13.8 0.186 0.666  
Incomplete secondary M 363 4.4 2.4-7.8 148 7.3 3.7-14.2 165 5.3 2.5-11.0 157 7.4 3.7-14.1 1.048 0.306  
  F 227 4.6 2.5-8.0 132 5.1 2.2-11.6 97 4.7 1.8-11.6 111 4.1 1.5-10.7 0.024 0.878  
Secondary + M 42 1.1 0.2-7.9 256 4.8 2.4-9.1 220 5.3 2.8-9.7 240 6.7 3.9-11.5 1.718 0.190  
  F 45 10.5 3.7-26.5 225 6.6 3.8-11.3 168 1.9 0.7-4.7 223 1.2 0.4-3.4 14.170 0.000
Wealth Index                 
Poorest M 403 15.2 11.3-20.2 378 11.3 8.1-15.6 442 10.7 7.2-15.7 433 13.0 9.7-17.2 0.601 0.439  
  F 279 7.6 4.5-12.4 345 9.3 6.5-13.1 263 6.9 4.2-11.2 264 7.6 4.5-12.6 0.086 0.769  
Poorer M 395 10.1 7.3-13.7 302 12.2 8.8-16.5 391 10.8 7.4-15.4 415 9.6 5.1-17.4 0.053 0.818  
  F 240 10.9 7.4-15.7 303 8.0 5.2-12.2 269 5.2 3.0-9.1 243 7.0 3.4-13.7 1.858 0.173  
Middle M 385 6.6 4.4-9.6 288 5.9 3.2-10.4 347 7.5 4.8-11.3 350 5.8 3.1-10.6 0.010 0.922  
  F 227 8.0 4.7-13.3 258 9.8 6.3-14.8 236 3.5 1.8-6.6 240 4.9 2.7-8.9 3.945 0.047
Richer M 343 7.8 4.9-12.2 271 6.0 3.6-9.9 316 7.4 4.5-11.7 305 7.1 4.5-10.9 0.028 0.868  
  F 231 5.1 2.6-9.8 258 8.1 4.7-13.5 213 4.8 2.4-9.1 246 5.7 3.1-10.3 0.036 0.849  
Richest M 264 3.4 1.8-6.4 262 9.5 6.1-14.5 323 5.6 3.5-8.8 305 5.6 3.1-9.8 0.100 0.752  
  F 204 4.7 2.5-8.8 256 5.6 3.2-9.9 221 4.1 1.8-9.1 229 2.5 1.1-5.5 1.983 0.160  
  1. C.I, 95% confidence intervals; Secondary +, complete secondary and/or higher education; , significant decreasing trend.