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Table 3 Feeding, home environment, beliefs, care practices, & barriers to care, N = 979

From: Care practices and traditional beliefs related to neonatal jaundice in northern Vietnam: a population-based, cross-sectional descriptive study

Feedings during first 3 days n %
Exclusively breastfed 279 28
Breast and formula 671 69
Exclusively formula fed 26 3
Breast milk and rice water 2 <1
Breast milk and sugar water 1 <1
Feedings after 7 days   
Exclusively breast milk 751 77
Both breast milk & formula 223 23
Exclusively Formula Fed 5 <1
Home environment n %
Used mothballs in the home 43 4
Avoided newborn exposure to sunlight 864 88
Kept newborn in dark, enclosed room 750 77
Beliefs of effects of sunlight n %
Harmful 320 33
Beneficial 267 27
Neither harmful or beneficial 17 2
Don’t know 375 38
Traditional newborn care practices n %
Used traditional, herbal, or over-the counter medication during 1st week 164 17
Used herbs to treat jaundice 30 3
Scraped off white oral papules “lanh” to treat jaundice 1 0.1
Perceived barriers to care n %
Cost 171 17
Distance to care 77 8
Bad weather 76 8
Poor perception of health care providers 69 7
Baby too small/young to take outside 50 5
Lack of transportation 46 5