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Table 3 Percentages of staff who witnessed injuries and performed the correct first aid response to the injuries

From: Effects of pediatric first aid training on preschool teachers: a longitudinal cohort study in China

Injuries Staff witnessed No. (%) (N = 274) Correct first aid care Correct response No. (%)
Nosebleeds 249 (90.9) pinch the soft parts of the nose and press against the bones 230(92.4)
Bleeding 166 (60.6) place firm, direct pressure on the wound 120(72.3)
Swelling 159 (58.0) apply cold compress, wrap, and elevate the injured body part 155(97.5)
Foreign object in eye 91(33.2) pull the upper lid over the lower lid 82 (90.1)
Fainting 55 (20.1) lay the child on her back and loosen her tight clothing 27 (49)
Convulsive seizures 37 (13.5) position the child on his left side first 30 (81.1)
Burns 26 (9.5) place the burned area in cool water 21(80.8)
Bone injury 26 (9.5) rest and call EMS 23(88.5)
Bites to the tongue 21(7.7) apply pressure with a piece of gauze or cloth to stop the bleeding 9(42.9)
Asthma 18 (6.6) give children the asthma reliever medicine 13 (72.2)
Heatstroke 15(5.5) cool the child immediately and call EMS 7 (46.7)
Insect stings, any stinger 14 (5.1) move the child to a safe area and remove 11(78.6)
Punctures 10 (3.6) soak the wound in clean water 7(70)
Choking and coughing child 7 (2.6) do nothing except reassure the child and observe the child closely 2(28.6)
Swallowed poison 4(1.5) remove traces of the poison from the child’s mouth first and then call EMS 4 (100)
Dog bites 4 (1.5) care for the wound and check with animal control officer 3 (75)
Spinal injury 5(1.8) avoid moving the child at all, and keep the neck and back aligned 5(100)