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Table 1 Demographics as a percentage of the sample: perinatal stroke vs. typical development

From: Parent and family impact of raising a child with perinatal stroke

  Perinatal stroke Typical development Statistical value
Child demographics n(%) n(%) (p-value)
Age of child (years) Mean = 7.34 (SD = 5.20), Mean = 7.49 (SD = 5.15), -0.15 (.88)
  Range = 0.75-18 Range = 0.50-18  
Child’s sex    
 Male 29 (51.79%) 29 (51.79%)  
 Female 27 (48.21%) 27 (48.21%)  
Ethnicity    1.46 (.23)
 Caucasian/White 48 (85.71%) 43 (76.79%)  
 Other 8 (14.29%) 13 (23.21%)  
PSOM totala 2.28 (2.43), 0-10 -- --
Severity of conditionb    --
 Mild 29 (51.8%) --  
 Moderate 19 (34.0%) --  
 Severe 8 (14.2%) --  
Parent demographics    
Age of parents (years) Mean = 38.05 (SD = 6.64), Range = 27-55 Mean = 37.82 (SD = 7.23), Range = 22-51 .18 (.86)
Caregiver status    2.05 (.36)
 Lone caregiver 8 (14.29%) 11 (19.64%)  
 Co-caregiver 48 (85.71%) 45 (80.36%)  
Mental health concerns prior to child’s birth    .73 (.39)
 Yes 13 (23.21%) 17 (30.36%)  
 No 43 (76.79%) 39 (69.64%)  
Total gross household income (CDN)    2.02 (.37)
  < $70,000 19 (33.93%) 25 (44.64%)  
 $71,000-110,000 18 (32.14%) 12 (21.43%)  
  > $111,000 19 (33.93%) 19 (33.93%)  
Hours spent working outside of the home    3.07 (.55)
  <10 25 (44.64%) 18 (32.14%)  
  10-30 14 (25.0%) 15 (26.79%)  
  > 30 17 (30.36%) 23 (41.07%)  
Education level    4.41 (.35)
 ≤ High school certificate 15 (26.79%) 10 (17.86%)  
 College certificate or diploma 20 (35.71%) 14 (25.0%)  
 Bachelor’s degree 14 (25.0%) 21 (37.5%)  
 Master’s, doctorate or professional degree 7 (12.5%) 11 (19.64%)  
  1. Note. n =56 for both groups. All statistical values are X 2 unless otherwise specified.
  2. aStatistical value is a t-value. b n = 49. cRating is based on parents’ self-reported perceptions of the severity of their child’s condition.