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Table 3 16-week diet comparison in obese children and adolescents with any MetS component

From: Mediterranean-style diet reduces metabolic syndrome components in obese children and adolescents with obesity

Mediterrean style diet Standard diet
  Baseline mean ± SD 16-week mean ± SD Δ baseline versus 16-week p* Baseline mean ± SD 16-week mean ± SD Δ baseline versus 16-week p*
    Mean difference 95% CI     Mean difference 95% CI  
Energy (Kcal) 1848.9 ± 493.5 1706.7 ± 355.3 -142.1 -322.6, 38.3 0.117 1754.7 ± 570.4 1651.7 ± 367.4 -103.0 -285.2, 79.4 0.255
Fiber (g) 11.0 ± 4.7 16.9 ± 4.85 5.9 3.7, 8.0 0.001 9.10 ± 5.1 8.05 ± 4.1 -1.05 -3.5, 1.5 0.423
Cholesterol (mg) 167.6 ± 60.5 144.9 ± 61.5 -22.6 -49.0, 3.8 0.090 295.9 ± 246.6 210.7 ± 206.9 -85.2 -237.2, 66.8 0.259
CHO (g) 230.3 ± 72.4 203.1 ± 33.9 -27.2 -57.3, 2.9 0.075 204.5 ± 93.4 197.7 ± 72.3 6.8 -30.6, 17.0 0.562
CHO (%) 49.5 ± 6.8 48.0 ± 4.4 -1.5 -4.6, 1.6 0.428 45.8 ± 10.2 47.0 ± 9.9 1.2 -2.8, 5.2 0.551
Proteins (g) 69.3 ± 18.4 72.3 ± 11.5 3.0 -4.9, 10.8 0.449 60.9 ± 16.8 58.2 ± 17.0 -2.7 -9.8, 4.5 0.458
Proteins (%) 15.2 ± 3.0 17.1 ± 2.1 1.9 0.4, 3.4 0.012 14.3 ± 3.1 14.0 ± 3.3 -0.3 -1.4, 0.9 0.688
Lipids (%) 35.6 ± 6.4 35.1 ± 4.8 -0.5 -3.3, 2.3 0.719 39.9 ± 9.4 38.9 ± 9.4 -1.0 -5.1, 3.2 0.640
SFA (%) 30.2 ± 3.9 27.7 ± 4.2 -2.5 -4.6, -0.3 0.024 34.4 ± 9.6 33.1 ± 7.5 -1.3 -5.7, 3.1 0.556
MUFA (%) 41.1 ± 2.7 42.3 ± 3.8 1.2 -0.2, 2.7 0.094 40.4 ± 5.7 40.0 ± 4.2 -0.4 -2.5, 1.8 0.742
PUFA (%) 28.7 ± 4.0 29.9 ± 4.2 1.2 -0.4, 2.9 0.144 25.2 ± 5.6 26.8 ± 5.9 1.6 -1.4, 4.7 0.292
Omega 9 FA (g) 24.9 ± 10.4 30.2 ± 12.4 5.3 0.8, 9.7 0.021 27.7 ± 12.9 24.4 ± 9.9 -3.3 -9.9, 3.4 0.330
Sodium (mg) 1418.8 ± 367.2 1326.4 ± 432.6 -92.33 -270.0, 85.3 0.294 1297.4 ± 578.7 1182.9 ± 553.5 -114.5 -366.0, 137.0 0.357
Potassium (mg) 1614.8 ± 515.5 1545.1 ± 374.0 -69.6 -257.3, 118.2 0.007 1491.6 ± 599.7 1565.9 ± 656.6 74.3 -168.7, 317.3 0.534
Zinc (mg) 4.7 ± 1.4 6.4 ± 2.5 1.7 0.7, 2.5 0.001 3.7 ± 1.65 4.0 ± 2.03 0.3 -0.4, 1.0 0.446
Selenium (μg) 24.0 ± 8.5 35.4 ± 8.4 11.4 6.6, 16.0 <0.001 14.9 ± 18.2 16.7 ± 11.65 1.8 -3.5, 7.2 0.490
Vitamin C (mg) 52.0 ± 40.5 85. 6 ± 79.7 33.6 2.1, 64.8 0.037 67.6 ± 62.9 55.5 ± 70.9 -12.1 -43.4, 19.2 0.435
Vitamin E (mg) 3.6 ± 2.8 7. 9 ± 2.9 4.3 2.6, 5.8 <0.001 1.44 ± 2.2 1.37 ± 2.6 0.07 -0.93, 1.08 0.880
Flavonoids (mg) 12.4 ± 5.1 20.2 ± 5.4 7.8 5.4, 10.0 <0.001 2.9 ± 4.25 2.7 ± 4.1 -0.2 -2.2, 1.7 0.819
  1. Kcal = kilocalories, g = grams, mg = milligrams, CHO = carbohydrates, FA = fatty acids, SFA = saturated fatty acids, MUFA = monounsaturated fatty acids, PUFA = polyunsaturated fatty acids. CI = Confidence Intervals *Paired Student’s t-test was used for comparison baseline versus 16-week. Δ change magnitude.