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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of obese children and adolescents according to treatment group

From: Mediterranean-style diet reduces metabolic syndrome components in obese children and adolescents with obesity

  Mediterranean style diet n = 24 Standard diet n = 25 p-value
Male [n (%)] 13 (54) 10 (40) 0.393
Age (years) 11.2 ± 2.7 11.4 ± 2.9 0.737
Obesity onset age (years) 5.58 ± 3.0 4.3 ± 3.2 0.163
Weight (kg) 64.05 ± 10.1 62.2 ± 20.9 0.751
Height (cm) 151.5 ± 12.2 150.5 ± 14.2 0.790
BMI (kg/m2) 27.3 ± 3.9 26.7 ± 4.7 0.631
Pre-pubertal [n (%)] 11 (46) 13 (52) 0.778
Schooling (years completed) 5.2 ± 2.3 5.1 ± 2.8 0.949
High BP levels [n (%)] 1 (4) 3(12) 0.609
Acanthosis nigricans [n (%)] 18 (75) 21 (84) 0.496
Low birth weight <2.5 kg [n (%)] 1 (4) 4 (16) 0.603
High birth weight >4.0 kg [n (%) 1 (4) 3 (12) 0.204
HOMA IR ≥ 3 [n (%)] 15 (62) 17 (68) 0.310
Fasting glucose (mg/dL) 98.7 ± 5.5 98.4 ± 5.8 0.849
Glucose 120 minutes (mg/dL) 118.2 ± 16.5 111.3 ± 27.2 0.292
Fasting Insulin (μUI/dL) 18.6 ± 12.8 19.1 ± 12.7 0.896
Insulin 120 minutes (μUI/dL) 107.8 ± 102.9 129.3 ± 142.1 0.548
HOMA-IR 4.5 ± 3.0 4.7 ± 3.3 0.840
Metabolic syndrome [n (%)] 16 (66) 10 (40) 0.060
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SD and frequencies and percentages; the p-value was calculated with Student’s t-test and Chi square test.