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Table 4 Nutrition- and physical activity-related habits of children and youth categorized as overweight/obese (OW/OB) and severely obese (SO)

From: Characterizing severe obesity in children and youth referred for weight management

  OW/OB SO p-value
Energy intake (kcal/d) 1955 ± 551 2333 ± 857 <0.001
(n = 166) (n = 139)
Carbohydrate intake (g/d) ‡ 261 ± 83 294 ± 110 0.004
(n = 166) (n = 139)
Protein intake (g/d) ‡ 77 ± 32 93 ± 43 <0.001
(n = 166) (n = 139)
Fat intake (g/d) ‡ 68 ± 25 89 ± 42 <0.001
(n = 166) (n = 139)
Vegetables and Fruit (servings/d) 3.6 ± 1.9 3.6 ± 2.4 0.8
(n = 156) (n = 132)
Grain Products (servings/d) 7.7 ± 2.6 8.8 ± 4.0 0.01
(n = 156) (n = 132)
Milk and Alternatives (servings/d) 2.0 ± 1.0 2.2 ± 1.3 0.4
(n = 156) (n = 132)
Meat and Alternatives (servings/d) 1.9 ± 0.8 2.6 ± 1.4 0.01
(n = 155) (n = 132)
Steps/d 8012 ± 3456 7049 ± 3127 0.02
(n = 154) (n = 120)
MVPA (min/d) 69.1 ± 52.8 50.5 ± 41.8 0.007
(n = 159) (n = 119)
Active video game time (min/d) 2.9 ± 14.1 1.8 ± 7.8 0.3
(n = 158) (n = 117)
Leisure time screen time (min/d) 163.5 ± 117.8 217.6 ± 131.2 0.04
(n = 159) (n = 120)
Sleep duration (hr/night) 9.6 ± 1.0 9.5 ± 1.0 0.4
(n = 163) (n = 125)
  1. Data are presented as mean ± standard deviation. MVPA (moderate-to-vigorous physical activity).
  2. Note 1: Sample sizes vary variable-to-variable because dataset was incomplete.
  3. Note 2: Group comparisons for Vegetables and Fruit, Grain Products, Milk and Alternatives, Meat and Alternatives, MVPA, Active video game time, and Leisure time screen time were completed using non-parametric analyses since these variables were not normally distributed.
  4. ‡Differences in macronutrients (carbohydrate, protein, and fat) remained significant after adjustment for total energy intake.