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Table 1 Clinical dehydration scale for children with acute gastroenteritis used for the study

From: Comparison of clinical and biochemical markers of dehydration with the clinical dehydration scale in children: a case comparison trial

Characteristic Score of 0 Score of 1 Score of 2
General appearance Normal Thirsty, restless, or lethargic, but irritable when touched Drowsy, limp, cold, or sweaty; comatose or not
Eyes Normal Slightly sunken Very sunken
Mucous membranes (tongue) Moist Sticky Dry
Tears Tears Decreased tears Absent tears
  1. The CDS consists of four clinical characteristics (general appearance, eyes, mucous membranes, and tears), each of which are scored 0, 1, or 2 for a total score of 0 to 8, with 0 representing no dehydration; 1 to 4, some dehydration; and 5 to 8, moderate/severe dehydration. This score has been validated externally and is robust. We used exactly the same criteria as Benoit Bailey et al., Academic Emergency Medicine, 2010:17(6):583-88.